USDA-projected longrun developments for global agriculture reflect steady world economic growth and continued demand for biofuels, which combine to support increases in consumption, trade, and prices.
ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents.
ERS conducts research on USDA's child nutrition programs and their role in children's food security, diets, and well-being. ERS studies programs such as the National School Lunch Program.
Agricultural Trade Multipliers provide annual estimates of employment and output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy.
Forecasts and estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2020F; and for States, 1949-2018. Updated February 5, 2020.
ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their corresponding commodities. These comparisons are reported for a variety of foods sold in retail food stores. Several commodities have been upda...
Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019, describes trends in economic, structural, resource, and environmental indicators in the agriculture sector. The indicators covered in this report provide assessments of important ch...
State, metropolitan area, and micropolitan area estimates of access to healthy food, along with estimates of access for subpopulations.
After a hiatus of almost 45 years, the 2014 Farm Bill reintroduced industrial hemp production in the U.S. through State pilot programs. This study documents outcomes and lessons learned from the State pilot programs.
The latest available data and analysis of potential effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on U.S. commodity markets.
This section houses ERS' multimedia offerings, including webinars.
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This page contains data on U.S. agricultural exports and imports.
Database contains current and past data on hogs and pork, cattle and beef, veal, and poultry, including trade by country.
Reducing food loss in produce—when fruits and vegetables are not eaten by consumers—is a priority for the USDA and other national and international food and environmental entities.
The animal pharmaceutical industry continues to develop new drugs, but a growing share are generic versions of existing animal drugs or are designed for companion animals (instead of food animals).
ERS research found that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) redemptions were associated with increased local employment—with $10,000 of redemptions contributing to 0.4 additional urban jobs and 1.0 additional rural jobs.
USDA’s Economic Research Service: A Trusted Source for Farm Bill Research and Analysis.
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Highlights from our current and past research, Monday through Friday.