Hisham S. El-Osta

Agricultural Economist
202-694-5564
helosta@ers.usda.gov

Briefly

Hisham El-Osta is an economist with the Rural Economy Branch in ERS's Resource and Rural Economics Division. He is responsible for research pertinent to the labor allocation decisions of farm operator households and to the measurement of disparity in the distribution of households' income and wealth. His research responsibilities since joining ERS in 1989 also included measurement of the technical efficiency in farm production, and examination of the determinants of technology adoption and of their impact on production performance.

Background

Prior to joining ERS, Hisham worked as a research assistant at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln where he worked with Professor Glenn Helmers on numerous research projects, with special emphasis on the role of risk in agricultural production.

Education

Hisham holds B.S. degrees in Agronomy and Economics and an M.S. degree in Agricultural Economics from Iowa State University, and a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Professional Affiliations

Hisham is a member of the Northeastern Agricultural Economics Association.

Selected Publications

Selected Recent Bulletins and Reports

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and J. Johnson. 2005. "Succession Decisions and Retirement Income of Farm Households," proceedings of Presented Papers at the Agricultural Outlook Forum, Arlington, Virginia, Feb. 24-25.

Mishra, A., R. Durst, and H.S. El-Osta. 2005. "How Do U.S. Farmers Plan for Retirement?" Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, April.

Mishra, A., M. Morehart, H.S. El-Osta, J. Johnson, and J. Hopkins. 2002. "Wealth and Income Contribute Jointly to the Economic Well-Being of Farm Operator Households," Rural America 17(2):12-13, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Summer.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, M. Morehart, J. Johnson, and J. Hopkins. 2002. Income, Wealth, and the Economic Well-Being of Farm Households, AER-812, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, September.

Mishra, A., M. Morehart, H.S. El-Osta, J. Johnson, and J. Hopkins. 2002. "Assessing the Economic Well-Being of Farm Households," Agricultural Outlook, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, August.

Selected Recent Articles in Journals

El-Osta, H.S. 2016. "Farmland Ownership and Its Impact on the Debt Servicing Capacity among U.S. Married-Couple Farm Households," Applied Economics and Finance 3(4):190-206, November.

El-Osta, H.S., and R.L. Durst. 2016. "Economic Inequality among US Farm Households: Assessment of the Role of the 2008-2009 Financial Crisis," Modern Economy 7(5):656-676, May. 

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2016. "Determinants of Decisions to Enter the U.S. Farming Sector," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 48(1):73-98, February.

El-Osta, H.S. 2015. "Assessing the Impact of Health Insurance and Other Socioeconomic Factors on the Inequality in Health Care Expenditures among Farm Households," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 44(1):35-64, April.

El-Osta, H.S. 2014. "A Typology of Socioeconomic Disadvantage among Farm Operator Households: Assessment of Contributing Factors Using Evidence from National Surveys," Applied Research in Quality of Life 9(1):15-44, March.

El-Osta, H.S. 2014. "An Index of Socio-Economic Well-Being of U.S. Farm Households," Modern Economy 5(12):1120-1131, November.

Ahearn, M., H.S. El-Osta, and A. Mishra. 2013. "Consideration in Farmer’s Work Choices: The Role of Health Insurance," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 38(1):19-33, April.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and M. Ahearn. 2012. "Health Care Expenditures of Self-Employed Farm Households in the United States," Agricultural Economics 43(1):75-88.

El-Osta, H.S. 2011. "The Impact of Human Capital on Farm Operator Household Income," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 40(1):95-115.

El-Osta, H.S. 2010. "Inequality Decomposition of Farm Family Living Expenditures and the Role of the Life Cycle," Agricultural Finance Review 70(2):245-266.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and S. Shaik. 2010. "Succession Decisions in U.S. Family Farm Business," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 35(1):133-152.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and S. Shaik. 2010. "Agricultural Policy Reform and its Impact on Farm Households Income Inequality," Journal of Income Distribution 19(1):75-95, March.

El-Osta, H.S., and M. Morehart. 2009. "Welfare Decomposition in the Context of the Life Cycle of Farm Operators: What Does a National Survey Reveal?" Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 38(2):125-141, October.

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2009. "Estimating Wealth of Self-Employed Farm Households," Agricultural Finance Review 69(2):248-62.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and J. Gillespie. 2009. "Effect of Agricultural Policy on Regional Income Inequality among Farm Households," Journal of Policy Modeling 31(3):325-340, May.

El-Osta, H.S., and M. Morehart. 2008. "Determinants of Poverty among U.S. Farm Households," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 40(1):1-20, April.

El-Osta, H.S., A. Mishra, and M. Morehart. 2008. "Off-farm Labor Allocation Decisions of Married Farm Couples and the Role of Government Payments," Review of Agricultural Economics 30(2):1-22, April. 

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2008. "Effects of Agricultural Policy on Succession Decisions of Farm Households," Review of Economics of the Household 6(3):285-307, September.

El-Osta, H.S. 2007. "The Determinants of a Quality of Life Indicator for Farm Operator Households: Application of Zero-Inflated Count-Data Models," Journal of Applied Research in Quality of Life 2(3):145-163, September. 

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2007. "Factors Affecting Succession Decisions in Family Farm Businesses: Evidence from a National Survey," Journal of the American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers 70(1):1-10.

El-Osta, H.S., A. Mishra, and M. Morehart. 2007. "Determinants of Economic Well-being among U.S. Farm Operator Households,” Agricultural Economics 36(3):291-304.

Ahearn, M., H.S. El-Osta, and J. Dewbre. 2006. "The Impact of Coupled and Decoupled Government Subsidies on the Labor Allocation Decisions of Farm Operators," American Journal of Agricultural Economics 88(2):393-408, May.

El-Osta, H.S., A. Mishra, and M. Ahearn. 2004. "Labor Supply by Farm Operators Under 'Decoupled' Farm Program Payments," Review of Economics of the Household 2(3):367-385.

El-Osta, H.S., and A. Mishra. 2005. "Dimensions of Wealth Dispersion among Farm Households: An Assessment of the Impact of Farm Subsidies," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 37(1):187-208, April.

Mishra, A., W. Nimon, and H.S. El-Osta. 2004. "Is Moral Hazard Good for the Environment? Revenue Insurance and Chemical Input Use," Journal of Environmental Management 74(1):11-20.

McBride, W.D., S. Short, and H.S. El-Osta. 2004. "Production and Financial Impacts of the Adoption of Bovine Somatotropin on U.S. Dairy Farms," Review of Agricultural Economics 26(4):472-488.

Mishra, A., H.S. El-Osta, and C. Sandretto. 2004. "Factors Affecting Farm Enterprise Diversification," Agricultural Finance Review 64(2):151-166, Fall.

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2002. "Managing Risk in Agriculture through Hedging and Crop Insurance: What Does a National Survey Reveal?" Agricultural Finance Review 21(2):135-148, Fall.

El-Osta, H.S., and M. Morehart. 2002. "The Dynamics of Wealth Concentration among Farm Operator Households," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 31(1):84-96, April.

McBride, W.D., and H.S. El-Osta. 2002. "Impacts of the Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Financial Performance," Journal of Agriculture and Applied Economics 34(1):175-191, April.

Mishra, A., and H.S. El-Osta. 2001. "A Temporal Comparison of Sources of Variability in Farm Household Income," Agricultural Finance Review 61(2):181-198, Fall.

El-Osta, H.S., and M. Morehart. 2000. "A Technology Adoption and Its Impact on Production Performance of Dairy Operations," Review of Agricultural Economics 22(2):477-498.