Anil Rupasingha

Anil Rupasingha

Research Economist


Anil Rupasingha is a research economist in the Rural Economy Branch, Resource and Rural Economics Division, at the Economic Research Service. His major fields of study are small-business, entrepreneurship, self-employment, small business finance, regional income growth and poverty, internal migration, and social capital.

Current projects include access to capital and small business growth; social capital and labor market outcomes; social capital and migration decisions; Latino-owned entrepreneurship; assessing outcomes of rural business programs; local business ownership and local economic performance; industrial similarity, education and migration; and survival analysis of young high-growth businesses.


Prior to joining the ERS, Rupasingha was a Research Adviser and Economist in the community and economic development unit at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Before joining the Atlanta Fed, he held a tenure track faculty position at New Mexico State University (NMSU). His other prior positions include Assistant Professor of Economics at American University of Sharjah in the U.A.E., Senior Research Associate in the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development at Penn State University, and Postdoctoral Scholar in the TVA Rural Studies at University of Kentucky.


Ph.D. in agricultural economics. Texas A&M University.
B.A. in economics, University of Peradeniya (Sri Lanka).

Professional Affiliations

North American Regional Science Council

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Rupasingha, A., and S. Contreras. 2010. "Factors Affecting Spatial Variation of Microenterprises in the Rural U.S.," American Journal of Entrepreneurship.

Rupasingha, A., Y. Liu, and M. Partridge. 2015. "Rural Bound: Determinants of Metro to Non-Metro Migration in the U.S.," American Journal of Agricultural Economics 97(3):680-700.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2014. "The Determinants of Rural Self-Employment: Insights from County-Level Data, 2000-2009," Economic Development Quarterly 28(1):42-60.

Arzaghi, M., and A. Rupasingha. 2013. "Migration as a Way to Diversify: Evidence from Rural to Urban Migration in the U.S.," Journal of Regional Science 53(4):690-711.

Rupasingha, A., and S. Goetz. 2013. "Self-employment and Local Economic Performance: Evidence From U.S. Counties," Papers in Regional Science 92(1):141–161.

Goetz, S., D. Fleming, and A. Rupasingha. 2012. "The Economic Impacts of Self-Employment," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 44(3):315–321.

Goetz, S., A. Rupasingha, and S. Loveridge. 2012. "Social Capital, Religion, Wal-Mart, and Hate Groups in America," Science Quarterly 93(2):379-393.

Rupasingha, A., and J. Ranjith. 2012. "Social Capital and Religious Adherence as Determinants of Child Poverty in the United States," Journal of Economic Issues 46:119-142.

Genc, I., J. Miller, and A. Rupasingha. 2011. "Stochastic Convergence Tests for U.S. Regional Per Capita Personal Income; Some Further Evidence: a Research Note," Annals of Regional Science 46(2):369-377.

Genc, I., and A. Rupasingha. 2009. "Time-series Tests of Stochastic Earnings Convergence across US Nonmetropolitan Counties, 1969-2004," Applied Econometrics and International Development, 9(2):2-10.

Rupasingha, A. 2009. "Value-added Agricultural Enterprises (VAAE) and County Economic Well-being: an Empirical Investigation," Review of Agricultural Economics 31(3):511-534.

Rupasingha, A., and J. Chilton. 2009. "Religious Adherence and Economic Growth: Evidence From the USA Counties,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 72:438-450.

Rupasingha, A. 2009. "Determinants of Growth in County-level Self-employment Densities, 1990-2000," Small Business Economics 32:425-438.

Shrestha, S., S. Goetz, and A. Rupasingha. 2007. "Proprietorship Formations and US Job Growth,” Review of Regional Studies 37(2):146-168.

Rupasingha, A., and S. Goetz. 2007. "Social and Political Forces as Determinants of Poverty: a Spatial Analysis," Journal of Socio-Economics 36(4):650-671.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2006. "The Impact of Wal-Mart on Social Capital in U.S. Counties," American Journal of Agricultural Economics 88(5):1304-1310. 

Rupasingha, A., S. Goetz, and D. Freshwater. 2006. "The Production of Social Capital in U.S. Counties," Journal of Socio-Economics 35:83-101.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2004. "The Returns to Education in Rural Areas," Review of Regional Studies 34(3):245-259.

Goetz, S., A. Rupasingha, and J. Zimmerman. 2004. "Spatial Food Stamp Program Participation Dynamics in U.S. Counties," Review of Regional Studies 34(2):172-190.

Rupasingha, A., and S. Goetz. 2004. "County Amenities and Net Migration," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 33(2):198-207.

Rupasingha, A., S. Goetz, D. Debertin, and A. Pagoulatos. 2004. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve for U.S. Counties: a Spatial Econometric Analysis," Papers in Regional Science 83(2):407-424.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2003. "The Returns on Higher Education: Estimates for the 48 Contiguous States," Economic Development Quarterly 17(4):337-351.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2002. "High-Tech Firm Clustering: Implications for Rural Areas," American Journal of Agricultural Economics 84(5):1229-36.

Rupasingha, A., S. Goetz, and D. Freshwater. 2002. "Social and Institutional Factors as Determinants of Economic Growth: Evidence from the United States Counties," Papers in Regional Science 81(2):139-155.

"Factors that influence local government cooperation: evidence from the Tennessee Valley" (with S.B. Lackey and D. Freshwater). Economic Development Quarterly 16(2002):138-154.

Lackey, S., D. Freshwater, and A. Rupasingha. 2002. "Factors that Influence Local Government Cooperation: Evidence from the Tennessee Valley," Economic Development Quarterly 16:138-154.

Wojan, T., and A. Rupasingha. 2001. "Crisis as Opportunity: Local Context, Adaptive Agents and the Possibilities of Rural Development," Regional Studies 35(1):141-152.

Rupasingha, A., S. Goetz, and D. Freshwater. 2000. "Social Capital and Economic Growth: A County-Level Analysis," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 32(3):565-572.

Rupasingha, A., and D. Freshwater. 1999. "Economics of Religious Participation in the Rural South," The Review of Regional Studies 29(3):256-271.

Wojan, T., and D. Freshwater. 1999. "Self-Organization and Community-Based Development Initiatives," Journal of the Community Development Society 30(1):66-82.

Rupasingha, A., and F. Boadu. 1998. "Evolutionary Theories and the Community Management of Local Commons: A Survey," Review of Agricultural Economics 20(2):530-546.

Working Papers

Choi, T., J. Robertson, and A. Rupasingha. 2013. "High-Growth Firms in Georgia,” Working paper 2013-20, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December.

Rupasingha, Anil. 2013. "Locally Owned: Do Local Business Ownership and Size Matter for Local Economic Well-being?" Discussion Paper 1-13, Community and Economic Development, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August.

Rupasingha, A., and S. Goetz. 2003. "The Causes of Enduring Poverty, An Expanded Spatial Analysis of the Structural Determinants of Poverty in the US," Rural Development Paper No. 22, December.

Goetz, S., A. Rupasingha, and J. Zimmerman. 2002. "Food stamp program participation dynamics in U.S. counties and states," JCPR Working Paper 321. Chicago, IL: Joint Center for Poverty Research, Northwestern University/University of Chicago.

Rupasingha, A., and S. Goetz. 2001. "Land Use Research: Scientific Publications from 1986 to the Present," Rural Development Paper No. 8, Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, August.

Rupasingha, A., T. Ilvento, and D. Freshwater. 2000. "Demand for Skills Training in the Rural South," Staff Paper 00-02, TVA Rural Studies, University of Kentucky, February.

Outreach Publications

Rupasingha, A. 2014. "Theme Overview: Rural Poverty and Food," Choices (special issue on rural poverty and food), 2nd Quarter 2014.

Rupasingha, A. 2013. "Trends in Small Business and Small Farm Loans," Partners Update, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May/June.

Rupasingha, A. 2012. "Florida Leads Southeast in Population Growth," Partners Update, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September/October.

Rupasingha, A. 2011. "Self‐Employment as Economic Development Strategy: What Does It Mean for Metro and Nonmetro Counties in the Southeast?" Partners Update, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May/June.

Rupasingha, A., and M. Patrick. 2010. "Rural New Mexico Economic Conditions and Trends," Circular 651, Cooperative Extension Service Publications, New Mexico State University.

Patrick, M., and A. Rupasingha. 2010. "Closing Retail Sales Gaps: Boosting the Economic Fortunes of Rural New Mexico Counties,” Circular 652, Cooperative Extension Service Publications, New Mexico State University.

Rupasingha, A., and M. Patrick. 2008. "Non-Farm Proprietors: Opportunities for New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service," Guide Z-115, Cooperative Extension Service Publications, New Mexico State University.

Goetz, S., and A. Rupasingha. 2005. "How the Returns to Education in Rural Areas Vary across the Nation?" in The Role of Education: Promoting the Economic and Social Vitality of Rural America, L. Beaulieu, and R. Gibbs, eds. Report issued by Southern Rural Development Center, and U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.