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  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: March 2016

    FTS-361, March 31, 2016

    The current U.S. citrus crop is forecast down 12 percent from the 2014/15 season, with reduced supplies expected for most major citrus crops except for tangerine and mandarin production. Citrus grower prices fairly strong.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2012

    FTS-353, September 27, 2012

    Adverse weather is behind the forecast smaller U.S. apple, pear, and grape crops in 2012.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2014

    FTS-357, September 26, 2014

    Abundant apple supplies will move to markets in the 2014/15 marketing year, putting downward pressure on U.S. apple prices. The 2014 U.S. pear crop is forecast 9 percent smaller than a year ago.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2015

    FTS-360, September 30, 2015

    The Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook report analyzes supply-and-demand conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nuts markets and provides projections on market conditions for 2015 apple, pear, cranberry, grape and peach crops as well as 2014/15 citrus crops, both fresh and processed markets. It includes an additional section on U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2016

    FTS-363, September 30, 2016

    U.S. apple production to increase this fall, but lack of competing supplies from previous harvest likely to hold early-season prices strong. This large apple crop will coincide with smaller pear crop this fall.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2017

    FTS-365, September 29, 2017

    U.S. apple production to decline this fall and will coincide with a smaller pear crop. Increased storage-apple supplies from previous harvest, however, will likely mitigate upward pressure on early-season prices.

  • Fruit and Vegetable Planting Restrictions: Analyzing the Processing Cucumber Market

    VGS-342-02, February 10, 2011

    This report highlights the anticipated consequences of the 2008 Farm Act's Planting Transferability Pilot Program (PTPP) on processing (pickling) cucumber plantings. PTPP allows program crop growers in seven Upper Midwestern States to reduce base acres and plant select vegetables for processing on those acres without reducing Government payments on their remaining base acres.

  • Global Macroeconomic Developments Drive Downturn in U.S. Agricultural Exports

    AES-94, July 12, 2016

    The macroeconomic outlook underlying the 2016 USDA agricultural projections indicates a slowdown in global income growth and a stronger dollar, implying smaller projected gains in agricultural trade and declines in U.S. market share.

  • Global Trade Patterns in Fruits and Vegetables

    WRS-0406, June 01, 2004

    International trade in fruits and vegetables has expanded at a higher rate than trade in other agricultural commodities, particularly since the 1980s. Not only has world trade in fruits and vegetables gained prominence, but the variety of commodities has expanded. Over the years, three regions-the European Union (EU), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) area, and Asia (East, Southeast, and South)-have remained as both the major destinations and sources of supply. A substantial share of their trade is intraregional, particularly that of the EU. All the three regions, however, depend on Southern Hemisphere countries for imports of juices and off-season fresh fruits, and on equatorial regions for bananas, the leading fresh fruit import. In addition to global north-south trading, due mostly to the counter-cyclical seasons of the two hemispheres, Asian trade has also become much more important since the 1980s as incomes and populations have grown and policies changed.

  • Growth of U.S. Dairy Exports

    LDPM-270-01, November 29, 2016

    The United States, as a top producer and exporter of dairy products, has a pivotal role to play, but will have to compete with large dairy exporters such as New Zealand, the EU, and Australia to increase export market share in the future.

  • High RIN Prices Suggest Market Factors Likely To Constrain Future U.S. Ethanol Expansion

    Amber Waves, August 05, 2013

    Declining use of gasoline in the U.S. combined with market constraints to future growth in the blending of biofuel have resulted in U.S. ethanol use falling short of the Federal Renewable Fuel Standard, which specifies minimum annual levels of biofuel consumption in the U.S. through 2022. For many years, U.S. ethanol use exceeded mandates; now, however, ethanol mandates exceed use.

  • How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables?

    AIB-790, July 20, 2004

    This analysis uses ACNielsen Homescan data on 1999 household food purchases from all types of retail outlets to estimate an annual retail price per pound and per serving for 69 forms of fruits and 85 forms of vegetables. Among the forms we priced, more than half were estimated to cost 25 cents or less per serving. Consumers can meet the recommendation of three servings of fruits and four servings of vegetables daily for 64 cents.

  • Impact of Rising Natural Gas Prices on U.S. Ammonia Supply

    WRS-0702, August 06, 2007

    The volatile and upward trend in U.S. natural gas prices from 2000-06 has led to a 17-percent decline in the Nation's annual aggregate supply of ammonia. During the period, U.S. ammonia production declined 44 percent, while U.S. ammonia imports increased 115 percent. Also, the share of U.S.-produced ammonia in the U.S. aggregate supply of ammonia dropped from 80 to 55 percent, while the share from imports increased from 15 percent to 42 percent. Meanwhile, ammonia prices paid by farmers increased from $227 per ton in 2000 to $521 per ton in 2006, an increase of 130 percent. Natural gas is the main input used to produce ammonia. Additional increases in U.S. natural gas prices could lead to a further decline in domestic ammonia production and an even greater rise in ammonia imports.

  • Implications of an Early Corn Crop Harvest for Feed and Residual Use Estimates

    FDS-12F-01, July 03, 2012

    An early corn harvest-before the August 31 end of the previous marketing year-creates an overlap of supply-and-use data between the old and new marketing years that can alter the patterns of corn use and ending stocks, with implications for official USDA projections and estimates.

  • In the Long Run

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2004

    Indicators: In the Long Run - November 2004

  • In the Long Run

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2004

    Indicators: In the Long Run - June 2004

  • In the Long Run

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2005

    Indicators: In the Long Run - February 2005

  • In the Long Run: Another Look at Farm Poverty

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2005

    In 1991, the last year it was estimated by the Census Bureau, the farm poverty rate was 12.5 percent. Using 2000 Census data, ERS estimated the poverty rate for people living on farms at 9.7 percent.

  • India's Dairy Sector: Structure, Performance, and Prospects

    LDPM-272-01, March 06, 2017

    India is the world’s largest milk producer but a small trader of dairy products. Growth in supply and use has been robust, but projections indicate that production targets will be difficult to reach without stronger gains in productivity.

  • India's Poultry Sector: Development and Prospects

    WRS-0403, February 02, 2004

    Poultry meat is the fastest growing component of global meat demand, and India, the world's second largest developing country, is experiencing rapid growth in its poultry sector. In India, poultry sector growth is being driven by rising incomes and a rapidly expanding middle class, together with the emergence of vertically integrated poultry producers that have reduced consumer prices by lowering production and marketing costs. Integrated production, market transition from live birds to chilled and frozen products, and policies that ensure supplies of competitively priced domestic or imported corn and soybeans are keys to future poultry industry growth in India.