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  • Resources, Policies, and Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa

    ERR-145, February 20, 2013

    Is weak agricultural growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to poor natural resources? This study finds that other factors--economic, technological, and political--underlie agricultural productivity gains experienced by some SSA countries.

  • Rising Grain Exports by the Former Soviet Union Region

    WHS-13A01, February 04, 2013

    The three major grain-producing countries of the former Soviet Union--Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine--have become a large grain-exporting region. This report examines the causes and provides the 10-year outlook for the region's exports.

  • Rice Outlook: November 2012

    RCS-12K, November 13, 2012

    The outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.

  • Feed Outlook: October 2012

    FDS-12J, October 15, 2012

    Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.

  • Factors Affecting Food Production Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Amber Waves, September 20, 2012

    For many countries in the region, low yields and lagging labor productivity in agriculture present opportunities for improvement.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2012-22

    GFA-23, July 09, 2012

    ERS assesses food security in 76 developing countries, including estimates for 2012 and projections for the next decade - latest report in an annual series. Key determinants of food security: food production and import capacity.

  • Estimating the Range of Food-Insecure Households in India

    ERR-133, May 30, 2012

    Focusing on India, which has the world's largest food-insecure population, ERS analyzes a large household data set used by India's government to track household food security.

  • Long-Term Growth Prospects for Wheat Production in Afghanistan

    WHS-11L01, January 04, 2012

    Given expected increases in demand, imports are likely to grow in coming years even if Afghanistan's rapid post-1990 production growth is sustained, suggesting growing dependence on supplies from Pakistan and other countries.

  • Counting India’s Food Insecure Is Complicated

    Amber Waves, December 01, 2011

    According to the most recent USDA global food-security assessment (based on estimates of national food availability), India accounted for the single largest share of the world's food-insecure population in 2010--about 28 percent.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2011-21

    GFA-22, July 15, 2011

    ERS assesses the food security situation in 77 developing countries, including estimates for 2011 and projections for the next decade. The report is the latest in an annual series.

  • Wheat Flour Price Shocks and Household Food Security in Afghanistan

    ERR-121, July 12, 2011

    Using a nationally representative household survey from Afghanistan, ERS analyzes the impact of increases in wheat flour prices before and during the 2007/08 global food price crisis.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2010 Update: Improved Production Mitigated Impact of Higher Food Commodity Prices

    GFA-21-01, May 25, 2011

    Rising global food commodity prices have again focused attention on agriculture and food security. This report is an update to the July 2010 report, Food Security Assessment, 2010-20; it reviews the impact of high global food commodity prices on food security in 2010 in 70 lower income countries using actual 2010 price and food production information.

  • A Positive Path for Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: Options and Challenges

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2010

    Global food security improved between 2009 and 2010, as the effects of food price spikes and the global economic downturn moderated, but projections point to deteriorating food security over the next 10 years, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Former Soviet Union Region To Play Larger Role in Meeting World Wheat Needs

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2010

    The next decade is likely to see a major shift in global wheat production and trade. USDA projects that wheat exports by Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan will increase by 50 percent by 2019, and the region could lead the world in wheat exports by the end of the period.

  • Trade and Food Security Implications From the Indonesian Agricultural Experience

    WRS-1001, May 17, 2010

    This report evaluates the impact of Indonesia's transition from a food-first focus to an export-oriented development strategy on its agricultural production, productivity growth, consumer food demand, and lifestyle. Shifting production and consumption patterns have led to improving agricultural trade patterns and food security, which in turn have contributed to increased export opportunities for U.S. agricultural suppliers.

  • Growth and Equity Effects of Agricultural Marketing Efficiency Gains in India

    ERR-89, December 17, 2009

    ERS examines the performance of India's agricultural marketing system and analyzes economywide implications of improved marketing efficiency that might stem from future reforms.

  • Global Economic Crisis Threatens Food Security in Lower Income Countries

    Amber Waves, December 01, 2009

    The global economic downturn is expected to reduce import capacity in many lower income countries, adversely affecting their food security. The number of food-insecure people in the 70 developing countries studied by ERS is estimated to increase 2 percent in 2009, after growing 11 percent in 2008.

  • Food Insecurity Less Prevalent in Canada Than in the United States

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2009

    Nationally representative Canadian and U.S. surveys indicate that 7.0 percent of Canadians lived in food-insecure households in 2004, compared with an average of 12.6 percent of U.S. residents in 2003-05. Holding other factors constant, food insecurity was less prevalent in Canada than in the U.S. for household with incomes just above the U.S. poverty line, those with no high school graduate, those with children present, and those with adults age 25 and older.

  • Factors Behind the Rise in Global Rice Prices in 2008

    RCS-09D01, May 07, 2009

    Global rice prices rose to record highs in the spring of 2008, with trading prices tripling from November 2007 to late April 2008. The price increase was not due to crop failure or a particularly tight global rice supply situation. Instead, trade restrictions by major suppliers, panic buying by several large importers, a weak dollar, and record oil prices were the immediate cause of the rise in rice prices. Because rice is critical to the diet of about half the world's population, the rapid increase in global rice prices in late 2007 and early 2008 had a detrimental impact on those rice consumers' well-being. Although rice prices have dropped more than 40 percent from their April 2008 highs, they remain well above pre-2007 levels.

  • Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies and the Implications of Reform

    ERR-41, May 03, 2007

    The pronounced market cycles and declines in per capita consumption of India's major food staples, as well as budgetary concerns, are creating pressure for Indian policymakers to adjust longstanding policies.