Publications

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  • Structural Change Brings New Challenges to Soybean Price Forecasters

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    South America has surpassed the U.S. in soybean production and displaced the U.S. as the dominant player in the global soybean market. This has put downward pressure on U.S. soybean prices, changing the market dynamics of the soybean sector and the economic relationships that have traditionally been used by USDA for price forecasting.

  • On the Map: Milk Production Shifts West

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    Since 1980, milk production in the U.S. has increased almost 33 per- cent, and regional production growth has been most pronounced in the Pacific and Mountain West

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - September 2004

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    Selected statistics on agriculture and trade, diet and health, natural resources, and rural America, September 2004

  • How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables?

    AIB-790, July 20, 2004

    This analysis uses ACNielsen Homescan data on 1999 household food purchases from all types of retail outlets to estimate an annual retail price per pound and per serving for 69 forms of fruits and 85 forms of vegetables. Among the forms we priced, more than half were estimated to cost 25 cents or less per serving. Consumers can meet the recommendation of three servings of fruits and four servings of vegetables daily for 64 cents.

  • In the Long Run

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2004

    Indicators: In the Long Run - June 2004

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2004

    Farm, Rural, Natural Resources and Food and Fiber Sector Indicators section - June 2004

  • On the Map

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2004

    Indicators: On the Map - June 2004

  • Global Trade Patterns in Fruits and Vegetables

    WRS-0406, June 01, 2004

    International trade in fruits and vegetables has expanded at a higher rate than trade in other agricultural commodities, particularly since the 1980s. Not only has world trade in fruits and vegetables gained prominence, but the variety of commodities has expanded. Over the years, three regions-the European Union (EU), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) area, and Asia (East, Southeast, and South)-have remained as both the major destinations and sources of supply. A substantial share of their trade is intraregional, particularly that of the EU. All the three regions, however, depend on Southern Hemisphere countries for imports of juices and off-season fresh fruits, and on equatorial regions for bananas, the leading fresh fruit import. In addition to global north-south trading, due mostly to the counter-cyclical seasons of the two hemispheres, Asian trade has also become much more important since the 1980s as incomes and populations have grown and policies changed.

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2004

    Select statistics on agriculture and trade, diet and health, natural resources, and rural America, April 2004

  • Behind the Data: Developing a County-Level Measure of Urban Influence

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2004

    ERS's 2003 Urban Influence Codes divide the 3,141 counties, county equivalents, and independent cities in the United States into 12 groups.

  • Food Safety Innovation in the United States: Evidence from the Meat Industry

    AER-831, April 01, 2004

    Recent industry innovations improving the safety of the Nation's meat supply include new pathogen tests, high-tech equipment, supply chain management systems, and surveillance networks.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - April 2004

  • Seafood Safety and Trade

    AIB-789-7, February 28, 2004

    This research summarizes three case studies of how trade in seafood products can be affected by food safety concerns.

  • Response to U.S. Foodborne Illness Outbreaks Associated with Imported Produce

    AIB-789-5, February 28, 2004

    This report examines how U.S. and other nations responded to foodborne illness outbreaks traced to internationally-traded food.

  • Food Safety Issues for Meat/Poultry Products and International Trade

    AIB-789-4, February 28, 2004

    This research summarizes three case studies of how trade in meat and poultry products can be affected by food safety concerns.

  • USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections to 2013

    WAOB-041, February 09, 2004

    This report provides long-run (10-year) baseline projections for the agricultural sector through 2013. Projections cover agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of the sector, such as farm income and food prices.

  • India's Poultry Sector: Development and Prospects

    WRS-0403, February 02, 2004

    Poultry meat is the fastest growing component of global meat demand, and India, the world's second largest developing country, is experiencing rapid growth in its poultry sector. In India, poultry sector growth is being driven by rising incomes and a rapidly expanding middle class, together with the emergence of vertically integrated poultry producers that have reduced consumer prices by lowering production and marketing costs. Integrated production, market transition from live birds to chilled and frozen products, and policies that ensure supplies of competitively priced domestic or imported corn and soybeans are keys to future poultry industry growth in India.

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2004

    Farm, Rural, Natural Resources and Food and Fiber Sector Indicators - February 2004

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - February 2004