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  • A Consistent Food Demand Framework for International Food Security Assessment

    TB-1941, June 29, 2015

    An improved modeling technique accounts for variation in food quality across income groups; the new calibrated model identifies the separate impacts of income, prices, and exchange rates on a country's food consumption.

  • A Positive Path for Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: Options and Challenges

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2010

    Global food security improved between 2009 and 2010, as the effects of food price spikes and the global economic downturn moderated, but projections point to deteriorating food security over the next 10 years, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Afghanistan's Wheat Flour Market: Policies and Prospects

    WHS-13I-01, October 23, 2013

    Afghanistan's milling industry has been slow to rebuild, due to highly variable domestic wheat supplies and competition from imported flour, largely from Pakistan where wheat producers and flour millers receive Government support.

  • Alternative Policies to Agricultural Export Taxes That Are Less Market Distorting

    ERR-187, June 09, 2015

    ERS examines effects of alternative policies to conventional export taxes on countries' domestic and trade markets for agricultural products -- policies that are less market distorting and less welfare diminishing.

  • Asia Leads World in Reducing Hunger

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2006

    Asia has led the world in reducing hunger (down about 30 percent). Examples of success include Bangladesh and Vietnam, both of which already have met the World Food Summit goal.

  • Coping Strategies in Response to Rising Food Prices: Evidence From India

    ERR-177, November 18, 2014

    In regions of India affected the most by a dramatic surge in global food prices several years ago, households coped by sacrificing diet diversity as well as expenditures on medical expenses and durable goods.

  • Cotton Policy in China

    CWS-15C-01, March 31, 2015

    Managing China's unprecedented volume of cotton stockpiles will require difficult choices by Chinese authorities. China's large role in world cotton markets means its recent policy changes could reduce world cotton prices significantly.

  • Counting India’s Food Insecure Is Complicated

    Amber Waves, December 01, 2011

    According to the most recent USDA global food-security assessment (based on estimates of national food availability), India accounted for the single largest share of the world's food-insecure population in 2010--about 28 percent.

  • Current Activities

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2005

    Previews of research in the works at ERS - September 2005

  • Despite Improvements in International Food Security, Nutritional Adequacy of Diets Falls Short of Targets in Many Countries

    Amber Waves, November 18, 2013

    Overall food security in 76 countries showed significant improvement over the past decade, with the number and share of food-insecure people declining sharply. In some countries, however, consumption of fat and protein fell short of the nutritional target, and many people in the lowest income groups were unable to meet the daily target of 2,100 calories per person.

  • Effects of Income Distribution on Food Security

    AIB-765-2, April 26, 2001

    This briefing paper examines the effects of income distribution on food security, particularly within countries that have a very uneven distribution of purchasing power. The analysis showed that for the 67 countries, food needs in year 2000 doubled when income inequality was taken into account.

  • Estimating the Range of Food-Insecure Households in India

    ERR-133, May 30, 2012

    Focusing on India, which has the world's largest food-insecure population, ERS analyzes a large household data set used by India's government to track household food security.

  • Evaluating the Resource Cost and Transferability of Brazil’s Cerrado Agricultural “Miracle”

    Amber Waves, September 03, 2013

    Brazil’s successful agricultural transformation of the Cerrado, which accounts for 24 percent of the country’s total area, is evident by a 192-percent rise in average production volumes of Cerrado farms during 1985-2006. Such success has led to speculation that the world’s other savannah regions, including Sub-Saharan Africa’s vast Guinea Savannah, could become new breadbaskets.

  • Factors Affecting Food Production Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Amber Waves, September 20, 2012

    For many countries in the region, low yields and lagging labor productivity in agriculture present opportunities for improvement.

  • Factors Behind the Rise in Global Rice Prices in 2008

    RCS-09D01, May 07, 2009

    Global rice prices rose to record highs in the spring of 2008, with trading prices tripling from November 2007 to late April 2008. The price increase was not due to crop failure or a particularly tight global rice supply situation. Instead, trade restrictions by major suppliers, panic buying by several large importers, a weak dollar, and record oil prices were the immediate cause of the rise in rice prices. Because rice is critical to the diet of about half the world's population, the rapid increase in global rice prices in late 2007 and early 2008 had a detrimental impact on those rice consumers' well-being. Although rice prices have dropped more than 40 percent from their April 2008 highs, they remain well above pre-2007 levels.

  • Feed Outlook: October 2012

    FDS-12J, October 15, 2012

    Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.

  • Fifty Years of U.S. Food Aid and Its Role in Reducing World Hunger

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    Overall, the impact of food aid in reducing hunger has fallen short of its potential and, in some cases, has negatively affected the economies of the recipient countries. A more important problem lies in the fact that there is no coordination among donors to establish guidelines for distribution and need-based targeting of food aid.

  • Food Insecurity Less Prevalent in Canada Than in the United States

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2009

    Nationally representative Canadian and U.S. surveys indicate that 7.0 percent of Canadians lived in food-insecure households in 2004, compared with an average of 12.6 percent of U.S. residents in 2003-05. Holding other factors constant, food insecurity was less prevalent in Canada than in the U.S. for household with incomes just above the U.S. poverty line, those with no high school graduate, those with children present, and those with adults age 25 and older.

  • Food Insecurity Measures: Experience-Based Versus Nutrition-Based Evidence From India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia

    ERR-220, December 22, 2016

    ERS compares an objective, nutrition-based measure of food insecurity with measures based on household perceptions of food adequacy, for identifying food-insecure households in India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia.

  • Food Security Assessment GFA12

    GFA-12, February 26, 2001

    USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694 million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries and in many food insecurity will probably intensify. Sub-Saharan Africa, as the most vulnerable region, accounts for only 24 percent of the population of these 67 countries, but it is projected to account for 63 percent of these hungry people in 2010. HIV/AIDS is expected to reduce the region's agricultural productivity, and constraints in financial resources will limit commercial imports, thus leading to declining per capita consumption.