Publications

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  • Younger Beginning Farmers Tend To Operate Larger Farms

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2013

    In 2011, 11 percent of beginning farm operators under age 35 had gross farm sales of $250,000 or more, compared with 6 percent of beginning operators age 35-49 and 1 percent of those age 50 and older. As a result, young beginning farm households tend to earn more on their farm and less off their farm than other beginning farm households.

  • Yogurt Products and Breakfast Cereals Increasing Their Fiber Contents

    Amber Waves, February 05, 2018

    Average fiber levels for yogurt products and breakfast cereals rose by 20.2 and 6.9 percent, respectively, over 2008-12 as new products with higher fiber contents replaced products dropped from grocery store shelves.

  • World Trade Organization and Globalization Help Facilitate Growth in Agricultural Trade

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2008

    Despite strong criticism of the WTO, its membership continues to grow as countries seek the benefits of expanding trade.

  • World Sugar Price Volatility Intensified by Market and Policy Factors

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2010

    Rising production costs and growing ethanol use in Brazil, combined with policy-induced production swings among Asian countries, are the main sources of higher and more volatile world sugar prices.

  • World Raw Sugar Prices: The Influence of Brazilian Costs of Production and World Surplus/Deficit Measures

    SSSM-297-01, May 29, 2013

    Brazil is the world's leading sugar producer and, over the long term, world sugar prices are determined by production costs in Center/South Brazil, as well as the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Brazilian real .

  • World Events Frame Outlook for Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry

    LDPM-9601, June 25, 2002

    This report examines changes in the livestock, dairy, and poultry industry in 2001 and provides initial assessments of 2002 based on forecasts from the June 2002 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. In 2001, U.S. red meat and poultry production stabilized as lower beef production was partially offset by higher pork and poultry production. In 2002, slightly larger projected growth in meat production (2 percent) and lower exports are expected to result in lower wholesale prices for cattle, hogs, and poultry. Recovery in milk per cow is expected to override declining milk cow numbers and boost 2002 milk production by 2 to 3 percent.

  • World Agriculture and Climate Change: Economic Adaptations

    AER-703, June 01, 1995

    Recent studies suggest that possible global increases in temperature and changes in precipitation patterns during the next century will affect world agriculture. Because of the ability of farmers to adapt , however, these changes are not likely to imperil world food production. Nevertheless, world production of all goods and services may decline, if climate change is severe enough or if cropland expansion is hindered. Impacts are not equally distributed around the world.

  • World Agricultural Trade Experiences Sizable Growth but Still Faces Barriers

    Amber Waves, February 05, 2018

    Global agricultural trade, about $1 trillion in 2014, has risen 3.6 percent per year for the last two decades, facilitated by technological change, productivity gains, and trade liberalization. ERS researchers survey 20 years (1995-2014) of trends in world agricultural trade and summarize key policy issues that will confront decisionmakers and shape agricultural trade in the coming years.

  • Working the Land With 10 Acres: Small Acreage Farming in the United States

    EIB-123, April 29, 2014

    Small acreage does not necessarily translate into low farm sales. About 17 percent (50,000) of farms with 10 or fewer acres had gross sales of at least $10,000 in 2007, and approximately 6,000 had sales of more than $250,000 that year.

  • Working Parents Outsource Children’s Meals

    Amber Waves, March 01, 2009

    Virtually all households take the dollar cost of food into account when making food choices. But for some households, the time involved in planning, shopping for, and preparing a meal is also an important consideration. Findings from the Eating & Health Module of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) indicate that many working parents free up time by "outsourcing" their children's meals--that is, they purchase prepared meals for their children at school or day care.

  • With Adequate Productivity Growth, Global Agriculture Is Resilient to Future Population and Economic Growth

    Amber Waves, December 01, 2014

    If agricultural productivity growth slows in future years, how will global agricultural output, consumption, land use, and prices adjust? To address this question, ERS researchers recently used the agency’s global agricultural and energy economic model—the Future Agricultural Resources Model (FARM)—to simulate agricultural markets in 2050 under a range of different scenarios.

  • Winner Takes (Almost) All: How WIC Affects the Infant Formula Market

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2011

    In exchange for exclusive sales arrangements, manufacturers provide large rebates to States for formula purchased through the program. Winning a WIC contract significantly increases a manufacturer's market share.

  • Will Water Scarcity Limit China's Agricultural Potential

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2003

    Water shortages in important grain-producing regions of China may seriously compromise China's agricultural production potential. Water shortages in important grain-producing regions of China may seriously compromise China's agricultural production potential.

  • Will Land Degradation Prove Malthus Right After All?

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2003

    ERS research suggests that land degradation does not threaten food security at a global scale, but impacts vary by location. Yield losses due to land degradation do pose problems in areas where soils are shallow, fields are steeply sloped, property rights are insecure, and farmers have limited access to inputs, information, and markets. Any further slowing of yield growth in the future would increase the importance of measures to address these challenges.

  • Will Increased Highway Funding Help Rural Areas?

    AIB-753, August 02, 1999

    Rural areas in the United States stand to benefit from new highway funding legislation, especially the South. The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) authorizes sharply increased funding for major roads and is the single largest public works bill in U.S. history. Over a 6-year period, it will provide $171 billion to build new roads, widen lanes, put in new interchanges, and construct bridges. Under TEA-21, some spending discrepancies will be addressed and resolved for States that contribute more money into the Federal Highway Trust Fund than they receive in benefits.

  • Will Hard White Wheat Become a Sustainable Wheat Class?

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2005

    Hard white winter wheat has attracted considerable interest among producers because of its unique end-use characteristics. In anticipation of growing demand in the Asian market, U.S. producers increased plantings dramatically. But future expansion and HWW’s eventual status as a separate wheat class is in some doubt as a result of its susceptibility to sprout damage.

  • Will Calorie Labeling in Restaurants Make a Difference?

    Amber Waves, March 14, 2011

    A 2010 Federal law will require U.S. chain restaurants to display calorie information on their menus and menu boards. Will consumers use this information to make healthier food choices?

  • Will 2005 Be the Year of the Whole Grain?

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2005

    The 2005 Dietary Guidelines encourage all Americans over age 2 to eat roughly half of their recommended 5 to 10 daily servings of grains, depending on calorie needs. The goal of this new recommendation is to improve Americans' health by raising awareness of whole grains and their role in nutritious diets. The Guidelines could also have big impacts on farmers and farm production.

  • Why Some Return Home to Rural America and Why It Matters

    Amber Waves, July 06, 2015

    Continued population loss in rural communities is caused as much by low in-migration as by high out-migration; in remote rural communities lacking natural amenities, return migrants make up a large share of total in-migration. Return migrants potentially play a critical role in rural areas in slowing population loss, rejuvenating the population base, and generating jobs.

  • Why Have Food Commodity Prices Risen Again?

    WRS-1103, June 28, 2011

    The report describes the factors that have contributed to the large and rapid increase in agricultural prices during the past year. The report focuses particularly on food commodity prices-which have risen 60 percent since June 2010.