Normalized Prices

The Economic Research Service (ERS) annually calculates "normalized prices," which smooth out the effects of shortrun seasonal or cyclical variation, for key agricultural inputs and outputs. These normalized prices are used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Tennessee Valley Authority, USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service, and other Federal agencies to evaluate the benefits of resource-related projects affecting agriculture.

Since 1993, ERS has calculated normalized prices using a consistent methodology. National-level prices (in table 1) are based on 5-year lagged averages of actual market-year prices (e.g., an average of 2017–21 market prices is used to calculate normalized prices for 2022 for the 2023 ERS report year). National prices indices (in table 2) are as reported by USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. State-level normalized prices for the report year 2023 (in table 3) are calculated by multiplying the national-level normalized prices by the average ratios of the State-level market prices to the national market prices for 2019–21.

See the Documentation for details on data sources and methods.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Table 1—National-level normalized price estimates for commodities for 2018–23 ERS report years 9/29/2023 9/30/2024
Table 2—National-level normalized indices of market-clearing prices received and paid by farmers, 2020–22 (2011=100) 9/29/2023 9/30/2024
Table 3―State-level normalized price received estimates for commodities for 2023 ERS report year 9/29/2023 9/30/2024