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Increased trade in fresh fruits and vegetables provides U.S. consumers with a variety of benefits, including the possibility of improved nutrition with year-round availability of these products. The USDA's Animal and Plant Health and Inspection Service (APHIS) establishes regulations on the fruit and vegetable imports to prevent the inadvertent introduction of harmful organisms and diseases (i.e., pests). Unlike the Food and Drug Administration sanitary regulations, which mainly address human health concerns, APHIS phytosanitary regulations mainly address plant and animal health, which is broadly understood to include risks to agricultural productivity, environmental services, and other natural resources.  These regulations may include prohibitions on imports, treatment requirements, restrictions on the origins and destinations of the goods, increased testing requirements, and comprehensive field measures and growing conditions as defined in a “systems approach.”  The World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures establishes a framework for establishing and applying trade restrictions based on these concerns and a dispute resolution mechanism for violations of that framework.    

This data product provides information on phytosanitary regulations affecting U.S. imports of 42 fresh fruits and vegetables. From 2008 to 2012, ERS has annually published statistics on the countries eligible to ship these goods to the United States and the extent to which they represent the whole of world trade.  In 2015, the agency revised the format and added additional information on the specific treatment requirements for 29 of the fruits and vegetables permitted into the United States, the rates at which goods are rejected during inspections (i.e., the risk rate), and the rates at which specific actions are taken during inspections.  For related information, see the 2014 ERS Report “The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables”.

This data product supports the objectives of the Program for Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management (PREISM) under which ERS funded research to improve the economic basis of decision making concerning invasive species issues, policies, and programs between 2003 and 2008.

Data Set   
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
Individual Commodity FilesBack to top
FruitsBack to top
ApplesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
ApricotsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
AvocadosDownload as Excel6/17/2015
BananasDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Cantaloup and HoneydewDownload as Excel6/17/2015
CherriesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
DatesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
FigsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
GrapefruitsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
GrapesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
KiwisDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Lemons and LimesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
MangoesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
OlivesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
OrangesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PapayasDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PeachesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PearsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PineapplesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PlumsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
StrawberriesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
TangerinesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
WatermelonsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
VegetablesBack to top
ArtichokesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
AsparagusDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Bell PepperDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Broccoli and CauliflowerDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Cabbage and Other BrassicasDownload as Excel6/17/2015
CarrotsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
CucumbersDownload as Excel6/17/2015
EggplantDownload as Excel6/17/2015
GarlicDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Green BeanDownload as Excel6/17/2015
LettuceDownload as Excel6/17/2015
MushroomDownload as Excel6/17/2015
OkraDownload as Excel6/17/2015
OnionsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PeppersDownload as Excel6/17/2015
PotatoesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Pumpkin and SquashDownload as Excel8/29/2012
SpinachDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Sweet CornDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Sweet PotatoDownload as Excel6/17/2015
TomatoesDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Summary FilesBack to top
World Production and Exports of Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel6/17/2015
World Production and Exports of Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States Download as Excel6/17/2015
Summary: Fresh fruits and vegetables eligible for importation into the U.S. by country and their treatment requirementsDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Other FilesBack to top
APHIS FAO Country ConcordanceDownload as Excel6/17/2015
APHIS FAO Commodity ConcordanceDownload as Excel6/17/2015
Historical DataBack to top
Country_Commodity MatrixBack to top
Summary: Fresh Fruits Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel8/29/2012
Summary: Fresh Vegetables Eligible for Importation into the United States by Country Download as Excel6/30/2012
All Fruit FilesBack to top
PhytosanitaryFruit2015.zipDownload as Zip6/17/2015
2011, PhytosanitaryFruit2011.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2010, PhytosanitaryFruit2010.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2009, PhytosanitaryFruit2009.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2008, PhytosanitaryFruit2008.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2007, PhytosanitaryFruit2007.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
All Vegetable FilesBack to top
PhytosanitaryVegetable2015.zipDownload as Zip6/17/2015
2011, PhytosanitaryVegetable2011.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2010, PhytosanitaryVegetable2010.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2009, PhytosanitaryVegetable2009.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2008, PhytosanitaryVegetable2008.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011
2007, PhytosanitaryVegetable2007.zipDownload as Zip6/30/2011

Last updated: Friday, July 17, 2015

For more information contact: Peyton Ferrier