China is the world's leading producer and consumer of a range of
agricultural commodities. It is the world's largest importer of
soybeans and cotton, and a major exporter of fruits, vegetables and
aquaculture products. Since the 1970s, China has increased the role
of market forces in its economy and lowered import barriers, but
still intervenes in agriculture to meet policy objectives. Demand
in China for more and higher quality food products will grow as
personal income continues to rise.
ERS provides research, analysis, and information on China's
agricultural policy, outlook, and trade, including reports on
specific commodities, food safety issues, rising consumer demand,
and production challenges. ERS compiles official Chinese statistics
on its agriculture sector and general economy, and provides links
to current and historical USDA data on production, supply,
distribution, and trade.