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Pumpkins: Background & Statistics


Overall there appears to be plenty of pumpkins available for the holidays even as the 2013 pumpkin crop condition varies greatly by region. Wet spring weather, followed by a hot dry summer, had a negative impact on pumpkin volume in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states. Conditions in the Midwest and Western United States were much more favorable, and growers are reporting good quality and good size for their pumpkins. Reported wholesale prices in late October were down slightly for the jack-o-lantern style pumpkins compared with the same period in 2012.

Demand for specialty pumpkins continues to expand as consumers look for new and interesting variations. Late October wholesale prices are down for Cinderella pumpkins which were very popular in 2012, but are higher for most miniature pumpkins and the heirloom varieties. Some other specialty varieties with wholesale prices reported in 2013 include Blue Type pumpkins (a number of varieties, gray-blue skin color), Fairytale (deep ribs, mahogany color), and Knucklehead (medium size, upright, with lumps of various size and color on the skin)

Production

U.S. pumpkin planted area, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2010: 50,200 acres (15,400 in Illinois, 7,400 in Michigan)
  • 2011: 50,900 acres (17,400 in Illinois, 7,200 in Michigan)
  • 2012: 50,400 acres (17,000 in Illinois, 6,800 in Michigan)Pumpkin 2

U.S. farm value of pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2010: $117 million ($35 mil. in New York, $20 mil. in Ohio)
  • 2011: $113 million ($24 mil. in New York, $22 mil. in Illinois)
  • 2012: $149 million ($33 mil. in New York, $33 mil. in Illinois)

U.S. pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2010: 1.07 billion pounds (0.43 bil. in Illinois, 0.20 bil. in California)
  • 2011: 1.07 billion pounds (0.52 bil. in Illinois, 0.17 bil. in California)
  • 2012: 1.24 billion pounds (0.56 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)

U.S. pumpkin production, top six States, 2012: 1/

  • Illinois: 556.3 million pounds
  • California: 187.0 million pounds
  • Ohio: 174.2 million pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 125.8 million pounds
  • New York: 98.6 million pounds
  • Michigan: 94.5 million pounds

 U.S. pumpkin yield per acre, top six States, 2012: 1/Pumpkin 1

  • Illinois: 34,500 pounds
  • California: 34,000 pounds
  • Ohio: 24,000 pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 18,500 pounds
  • New York: 17,000 pounds
  • Michigan: 15,000 pounds

Share of U.S. pumpkin area harvested for the fresh market,
  in top six States, 2007: 2/

  • Illinois: 29 percent
  • California: 100 percent
  • New York: 97 percent
  • Ohio: 97 percent
  • Pennsylvania: 99 percent
  • Michigan: 96 percent

Prices

U.S. farm price for pumpkins: 1/

  • 2010 average: 11.00 cents per pound
  • 2011 average: 10.60 cents per pound
  • 2012 average: 12.00 cents per pound   

U.S. wholesale price for pumpkins, week of October 14, 2013 average: 3/ 4/

  • Howden-type (Jack-O-Lantern pumpkins): $136.96/36” bin (2 percent lower than 2012)
  • Pie-type: $260.83/ 36” bin (15 percent higher than 2012)
  • Miniature, orange: $19.00/1/2 bushel carton (20 percent higher than 2012)
  • Miniature, white: $16.69/1/2 bushel carton (2 percent lower than 2012)
  • Cinderella: $162.00/24” bin (11 percent lower than 2012)
  • Heirloom varieties: $161.67/24” bin (10 percent higher than 2012)

U.S. advertised retail price for pumpkins: 4/

  • 2012 average: $4.47 each
  • Sept. 6, 2013: $3.81 each
  • Sept. 13, 2013: $4.75 each
  • Sept. 20, 2013: $4.74 each (6 percent above 2012 average)
  • Sept. 27, 2013: $4.73 each (6 percent above 2012 average)


Sources:  1/ USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Vegetables. Data provided only for top six States. According to the 2007 U.S. Census of Agriculture these States accounted for approximately 50 percent of U.S. total area. 2/ USDA, NASS, 2007 U.S. Census of Agriculture. 3/ Simple average of all quoted markets (excluding organic) for the listed type and container. Comparison price is average from week of October 15, 2012. 4/ USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Fruit and Vegetable Market News.  
 


Want More Data and Information?

For data on pumpkins, see Vegetables and Pulses Yearbook Tables (tables 58-61, 77)
Commodity Highlight: Pumpkins (page 22)
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables
USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Market News Portal – Fruit and Vegetables

Last updated: Thursday, November 14, 2013

For more information contact: Suzanne Thornsbury and Hodan Farah Wells

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