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Image: Food Nutrition & Assistance

Costs and participation

USDA food and nutrition assistance programs, costs and participation, fiscal 2015
Program nameYear begunCost ($ millions)Participation
SNAP-related programs
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 1961 73,857.7 45.8 million participants per month
Nutrition Assistance Program for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas (NAP) 1982* 1,999.0 Not available
Child nutrition programs
National School Lunch Program (NLSP) 1946 12,998.6 30.5 million participants per school day
School Breakfast Program (SBP) 1966 3,884.2 14.0 million participants per school day
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) 1968 3,285.9 2,014.2 million total meals served
Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) 1969 489.5 164.2 million total meals and snacks
Special Milk Program (SMP) 1955 10.6 47.2 million total half pints served
Administrative Expenses for Child Nutrition Programs NA 465.4 NA
Supplemental food programs
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 1972 6,151.8 8.0 million participants per month
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) 1969 193.1 571.8 thousand participants per month
Food donation programs
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) 1981 521.1 NA
Nutrition Services Incentive Program** 1965 2.5 NA
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) 1976 118.8 88.6 thousand participants per month
Disaster Feeding NA 0.0 NA
Administrative expenses (not elsewhere classified) NA 149.4 NA
Total expenditures NA 104,127.4 NA
NA = Not applicable.
Note: Information on program costs and participation come from USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, Program Information Report (Keydata) September 2015 (subject to revision). Information on the year a program began comes from USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, Annual Historical Review Fiscal Year 1997, September 1999.
*American Samoa's Nutrition Assistance Program started in 1994.
**Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (formerly known as the Nutrition Program for the Elderly).

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Last updated: Wednesday, July 13, 2016

For more information contact: Victor Oliveira