Readings

Assessing Food Security

COVID-19 Working Paper: International Food Security Assessment, 2020-2030: COVID-19 Update and Impacts of Food Insecurity

 Updated analysis estimates that in 2020, there will be 921 million food-insecure people, an increase of 160 million from the pre-pandemic estimate, and almost double the pre-COVID-19 estimate published in the ERS August 2020 International Food Security Assessment, 2020-2030.

International Food Security Assessment, 2020–30

In the 76 low- and middle-income countries examined in the report, the number of people considered food insecure in 2020 was estimated at almost 761 million people or 19.8 percent of the total population. The shock to GDP from COVID-19 is estimated to increase the number of food-insecure people by 83.5 million people in 2020 to 844.5 million, and increase the share of the population that is food insecure to 22 percent.

International Food Security Assessment, 2019-29

The share of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report is projected to fall from 19.3 percent in 2019 to 9.2 percent in 2029. The number of food-insecure people is projected to fall markedly(45 percent), which is faster than the decline in the intensity of food insecurity, at the aggregate level.

International Food Security Assessment, 2018-28

Projections for the next decade (2018-28) suggest that 1) the share of the population that is food insecure (in 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report) will fall from 21.1 percent in 2018 to 10.4 percent in 2028, 2) the number of food-insecure people will fall from 782 million to 446 million, and 3) the intensity of food insecurity will decline by 34 percent.

Progress and Challenges in Global Food Security

The United States leads efforts to improve global food security, providing about half of global food aid. Global food security has improved over the past 15 years, but challenges and opportunities remain. ERS researchers analyze the roles of trade, agricultural productivity, safety nets, and better data and measurement in achieving these gains.

International Food Security Assessment, 2017-27

The share of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report is projected to fall from 17.7 percent in 2017 to 8.9 percent in 2027. The number of food-insecure people is projected to fall markedly (42 percent), which is slightly above the decline in the intensity of food insecurity, at the aggregate level.

International Food Security Assessment, 2016-26

The share of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report is projected to fall from 17 percent in 2016 to 6 percent in 2026. The number of food-insecure people is projected to fall markedly(59 percent), which matches the decline in the intensity of food insecurity, at the aggregate level.

For a full list of IFSA reports, please see IFSA Reports. Please note that publications of the report prior to 2016 utilize an older methodology to estimate levels of food insecurity.

Related Links

U.S. Department of Agriculture

World Agricultural Outlook Board. Supply and demand estimates, weather, and climate.

Foreign Agricultural Service. Country and commodity information and more.

Other U.S. Government agencies

State Department, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Current news on disasters, the agency budget, and policy updates.

Sub-Saharan Africa. Information on USAID activities in the region, country information, speeches, and press releases.

Latin America and the Caribbean. Regional and country information, speeches, and data.

Asia and Near East. Regional and country-project information, country overviews, and regional sector overviews.

Food for Peace. Information on the agency's emergency and nonemergency assistance programs.

Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook. Information (geographic, economic, and political) on 267 geographic entities in the world.

International Organizations

United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization.

FAOSTAT. Data on production, trade, food balance sheets, fertilizer and pesticides, land use and irrigation, forest and fishery products, population, agricultural machinery, and food aid shipments.

Global Information and Early Warning System. Information on global crop outlook, shortages, weather updates, special reports on countries/regions suffering from severe or emergency food situations, and country-by-country information on Sub-Saharan Africa.

World Bank. Country and regional reports and data.

International Monetary Fund. Publications, country information, and press releases.

Other

International Food Policy Research Institute. Research and policy analysis for meeting the food needs of developing countries.

FIVIMS (Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Information and Mapping System), World Food Summit.

Michigan State University; Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics; Food Security Group. Information on the Department's cooperative agreement with USAID's Global Bureau, including links to project objectives, country/regional activities, and publications from 1993 to the present.