Overview

This page provides information on:  

Processed soybeans are the world's largest source of animal protein feed and the second largest source of vegetable oil. The United States is the world's leading soybean producer and the second-leading exporter. Soybeans comprise about 90 percent of U.S. oilseed production, while other oilseeds—including peanuts, sunflowerseed, canola, and flax—make up the remainder. 

Periodic, Scheduled Outputs 

ERS provides a range of data products and reports on oil crops markets including domestic and international supply, demand, trade, and prices. Periodic, scheduled, outputs include:

  • Oil Crops Outlook, a monthly publication that provides supply and use projections for U.S. and global oil crops markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
  • WASDE at a Glance, a monthly interactive visualization that provides key data and highlights from USDA's World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates on field crops as well as livestock and dairy. 
  • Oil Crops Yearbook Tables, an annual data set that provides statistics on U.S. supply and use of  Oilseed, oilmeal, and fats and oils. The data include oilseed acreage, yield, and production estimates and farm and wholesale price series.
  • Feed Grains Database, a searchable database containing statistics on soybeans and other oil crops.
  • Commodity Costs and Returns, a data product that provides annual estimates of production costs and returns for major field crops, including soybeans.
  • USDA's Agricultural Baseline Projectionsan annual report published in February that offers 10-year projections for the farm sector from USDA's annual long-term analysis. The associated Baseline Database covers projections for the four major feed grains (corn, sorghum, barley, and oats) in addition to the other major feed crops and livestock.
  • U.S. Bioenergy Statistics, a dataset that includes U.S. ethanol and biodiesel production, consumption, and trade.

Recent ERS Reports Relating to Soybeans & Oil Crops

In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS publishes reports covering issues important to oil crops markets in the United States and around the world. Recent ERS reports relating to oil crops include: