Corn is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States (U.S.), accounting for more than 95 percent of total production and use. The other three major feed grains are sorghum, barley, and oats. Most of the corn crop provides the main energy ingredient in livestock feed. Corn is also processed into a wide range of food and industrial products including cereal, alcohol, sweeteners, and byproduct feeds.

For a comprehensive overview of feed grains production and use, see Background, and for information on U.S. and global trade in feed grains Trade

ERS’ Outputs on Feed Grains

ERS provides a range of data products and reports on feed grain markets including domestic and international supply, demand, trade, and prices. Periodic, scheduled, outputs include:

  • Feed Outlook, a monthly report that provides supply and use projections for U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
  • Feed Grains Database, a searchable database containing statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats), foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items. Data from the Feed Outlook and Feed Yearbook are also included.
  • Commodity Costs and Returns, a data product that provides annual estimates of production costs and returns for major field crops, including corn.
  • Agricultural baseline database, an annual report published in February that offers 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for  the four major feed grains (corn, sorghum, barley and oats) in addition to the other major feed crops and livestock
  • U.S. Bioenergy Statistics, a dataset that includes U.S. ethanol and biodiesel production, consumption, and trade.

In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS publishes reports covering issues important to feed grain markets in the United States and around the world. Recent ERS reports relating to feed grains include:

  • USDA Agricultural Projections to 2026 anticipates moderate grains prices over the next 10 years, following near-term declines due to expected increases in global consumption and trade.
  • Boutique Brews, Barley, and the Balance Sheet,” a Special Article in the January 2015 Feed Outlook, argues that recent changes in the industrial use of malt barley require an updated approach for estimating barley use for industrial purpose. See the article here:Feed Grains Outlook: January 2015