The U.S. poultry industry is the world's largest producer and second largest exporter of poultry meat and a major egg producer. U.S. consumption of poultry meat (broilers, other chicken, and turkey) is considerably higher than beef or pork, but less than total red meat consumption. With almost 18 percent of total poultry production exported, the U.S. poultry industry is heavily influenced by currency fluctuations, trade negotiations, and economic growth in importing markets. The poultry and egg industry is a major user of feed grains.
ERS’ Outputs on Poultry and Eggs
ERS provides monthly reports on the poultry and egg industry outlook and data covering supply, use, prices, and trade, as well as data products covering current trade indicators; retail, wholesale, and farm values; and historical data on production, use, and trade in the sector. Periodic, scheduled, outputs include:
- Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, a monthly report that provides supply and use projections for U.S. livestock, dairy and poultry markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
- Livestock and Domestic Meat Data, a monthly data product that contains current and historical data on beef, veal, poultry, and pork including production, supply, utilization, and farm prices.
- Livestock and Meat International Trade Data, which contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey meat, and eggs. The tables report physical quantities, not dollar values or unit prices. Data on beef and veal, pork, and lamb and mutton are on a carcass-weight-equivalent basis. Breakdowns by country are included.
- USDA's Agricultural Baseline Projections provide a longrun livestock and meat market outlook.
ERS also releases reports covering domestic and global conditions, trends, and policies that affect poultry supply, demand, prices, and trade in the egg and poultry sector. Some of the issues covered in ERS reports include:
- The EU is one of the world’s largest producers and consumers of beef, pork, and poultry, but EU tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) and sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) policies continue to limit imports of U.S. meats.
- Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Tariff-Rate Quotas for U.S. Meat Exports to the European Union (December 2014).
- The United States is the world’s second largest broiler meat exporter, and exports are a valuable source of income for the industry. ERS examines factors affecting the growth in broiler meat exports, focusing on several major markets. Assessing the Growth of U.S. Broiler and Poultry Meat Exports (November 2013).
- Consumer demand for local meat has risen in recent years. Farmers contend that limited processing capacity restricts supply, while processors often lack the consistent business required to make a profit. Local Meat and Poultry Processing: The Importance of Business Commitments for Long-Term Viability (June 2013).
- ERS documents the extent of food safety audits in meat and poultry processing plants and examines the association between the use of audits and the plants’ size, business structure, and application of food safety technology. Food Safety Audits, Plant Characteristics, and Food Safety Technology Use in Meat and Poultry Plants (October 2011).
More ERS reports on the sector are available
See Readings for a more extensive list of ERS research on Poultry and Eggs.