The United States is the world's third-largest producer and consumer of pork and pork products. In recent years, the U.S. has been either the world’s largest or second largest exporter of pork and pork products, with exports averaging over 20 percent of commercial pork production in most years. Currently, U.S. hog operations are heavily concentrated in the Midwest and in eastern North Carolina.
For a comprehensive overview of the hogs and pork industry—including production, policy, and trade—see Sector at a Glance
ERS’ Outputs on Hogs and Pork
ERS conducts research and analyses on the livestock market, including the hogs and pork market, and provides a monthly industry outlook as well as current and historical data covering supply, use, prices, and trade of pork.
Periodic scheduled outputs include:
- The Livestock Dairy and Poultry Outlook (LDP), a monthly report that analyzes impacts of changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates on domestic and international markets for beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Monthly reports on the hog and pork industry outlook contain data covering supply, use, prices, and trade.
- Livestock and Meat Domestic monthly data set (hyperlink) containing current and historical data on pork, beef, veal, and poultry, including production, supply, use, and farm prices.
- Meat Price Spreads, a monthly data set that provides average price values, and the differences among those values, at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers. In addition, retail prices are provided for beef and pork cuts, turkey, whole chickens, eggs, and dairy products.
In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS publishes reports providing indepth analyses of conditions and events that influence domestic and global hog and pork markets, including industry structure, consumption trends, and manure management.
- China's Pork Imports Rise Along with Production Costs . Compares hog production costs and productivity for U.S. and China farms during 2000-15; reveals the price competitiveness of imported pork in China.
- U.S. Hog Production From 1992 to 2009: Technology, Restructuring, and Productivity Growth This report presents information about changing structural characteristics and economic relationships in hog production, and discusses what these suggest for the future of hog farms.