Hogs & Pork
This page provides information on:
- Periodic and scheduled ERS publications and data on hogs and pork
- Recent ERS publications related to hogs and pork
The United States is the world's third-largest producer and consumer of pork and pork products. In recent years, the United States has been either the world’s largest or second largest exporter of pork and pork products, with exports averaging over 20 percent of commercial pork production in most years. Currently, U.S. hog operations are heavily concentrated in the Midwest and in eastern North Carolina. For a comprehensive overview of the hogs and pork industry, —including production, policy, and trade, —see Sector at a Glance.
ERS conducts research and analyses on the livestock market, including the hogs and pork market, and provides a monthly industry outlook as well as current and historical data covering supply, use, prices, and trade of pork.
- The Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook (LDP), a monthly report that analyzes the impacts of changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates on domestic and international markets for beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Monthly reports on the hogs and pork industry outlook contain data covering supply, use, prices, and trade.
- Livestock & Meat Domestic Data, a monthly dataset that contains current and historical data on pork, beef, veal, and poultry, including production, supply, use, and farm prices
- Meat Price Spreads, a monthly data set that provides average price values, and the differences among those values, at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers. In addition, retail prices are provided for beef and pork cuts, turkey, whole chickens, eggs, and dairy products.
- WASDE at a Glance, a monthly interactive visualization that provides key data and highlights from USDA's World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) on livestock and dairy as well as field crops.
- Commodity Costs and Returns, a data product that provides annual estimates of production costs and returns for major field crops, milk, hogs, and cow-calf.
- USDA's Agricultural Baseline Projections, an annual report published in February that offers 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections analysis. The associated database covers projections for the four major feed grains (corn, sorghum, barley, and oats) in addition to the other major feed crops and livestock.
In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS produces reports providing in-depth analyses of conditions and events that influence domestic and global hogs and pork markets, including industry structure, consumption trends, and manure management.
Recent ERS reports relating to hogs and pork include:
- China's Pork Imports Rise Along with Production Costs This report compares hog production costs and productivity for U.S. and China farms during 2000-15 and reveals the price competitiveness of imported pork in China. (LDPM-271-01, January 2017)
- U.S. Hog Production From 1992 to 2009: Technology, Restructuring, and Productivity Growth
This report presents information about changing structural characteristics and economic relationships in hog production, and discusses what these suggest for the future of hog farms. (ERR-158, October 2013)