Publications

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  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2006

    Farm, Rural, Natural Resources and Food and Fiber Sector Indicators section - February 2006

  • New Releases

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2006

    Highlights of new publications from ERS - February 2006

  • Internet on the Range

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2006

    Over the last decade, the Internet has become a standard tool used in the workplace. Access to and use of the Internet has increased since the 1990s for all regions of the country, most types of workplaces, and all income groups. While many see the Internet as ubiquitous, it has not yet become universal. Rural areas lag urban areas in access to the Internet, and a gap is evident between farm and nonfarm workplaces.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2006

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Farms Firms and Households and Rural America - February 2006

  • New Directions in China's Agricultural Lending

    WRS-0601, January 11, 2006

    China has substantially boosted lending to farmers and agribusinesses in recent years. The balance of loans to farmers doubled between 2001 and 2005. Loans for agribusinesses and rural infrastructure rose as well. Rural credit cooperatives and banks that lend to agriculture are being reformed and commercialized but agricultural lending is still largely policy-driven. The boost in farm lending is one of several policy initiatives to aid farmers.

  • Rural Hispanics At A Glance

    EIB-8, December 28, 2005

    Rural Hispanics at a Glance provides the latest information from the 2000 Census and other Federal data sources about Hispanics living in nonmetro counties. This six-page brochure highlights growth and geographic dispersion, demographic characteristics, and the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions for this population. It emphasizes rapid Hispanic population growth, particularly in new rural destinations of the Midwest and Southeast, and it illustrates differences in age structure between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. The report also provides data on important demographic, labor market, income, poverty, and social service indicators for nonmetro Hispanics. Using a visually interesting format that incorporates text bullets with charts and maps, it quickly provides information on key indicators of the rural Hispanic population to assist public officials, community organizations, private decision makers and others in their efforts to enhance the economic opportunities and quality of life for this rapidly growing population.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2005

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - November 2005

  • In the Long Run

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2005

    Indicators: In the Long Run - November 2005

  • Low-Skill Employment and the Changing Economy of Rural America

    ERR-10, October 31, 2005

    This study reports trends in rural low-skill employment in the 1990s and their impact on the rural workforce. The share of rural jobs classified as low-skill fell by 2.2 percentage points between 1990 and 2000, twice the decline of the urban low-skill employment share, but much less than the decline of the 1980s. Employment shifts from low-skill to skilled occupations within industries, rather than changes in industry mix, explain virtually all of the decline in the rural low-skill employment share. The share decline was particularly large for rural Black women, many of whom moved out of low-skill blue-collar work into service occupations, while the share of rural Hispanics who held low-skill jobs increased.

  • Rural America At A Glance, 2005

    EIB-4, September 22, 2005

    Rural America At A Glance, 2005 is a six-page brochure that highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The brochure is the fourth in a series of reports that uses current social and economic data to highlight population, labor market, income, and poverty trends in rural areas. This brochure provides information on key rural conditions and trends for use by public and private decision makers and others in efforts to enhance the economic opportunities and quality of life for rural people and their communities.

  • Low Earnings But Steady Job Growth in Low-Employment Counties

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2005

    In 2000, overall job growth in low-employment counties was steady but slower than in nonmetro areas. Nonmetro low-employment counties also had lower earnings per job in 2000 than all other nonmetro counties. Low wages reduce the incentive to enter the labor market, especially among adults in families that require child care.

  • Recent Meetings

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2005

    Snapshots of recent events at ERS - September 2005

  • Recreation, Tourism, and Rural Well-Being

    ERR-7, August 09, 2005

    Recreation and tourism development generally increases local employment, wage levels, and income in rural areas. Drawbacks include higher housing costs. Local effects vary significantly, depending on the type of recreation area.

  • Behind the Data: Population Interaction Zones for Agriculture

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2005

    Indicators: Behind the Data - June 2005

  • Rural Children At A Glance

    EIB-1, April 06, 2005

    Recent data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of rural children include comparison of metro and nonmetro poverty rates and participation in food assistance programs, as well as the geographic distribution of child poverty.

  • Policy Options for a Changing Rural America

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2005

    Rural communities have changed dramatically since 1990 due to increased population from urban areas, shifts in age and ethnic composition, and economic and industrial restructuring. Increasing competition from abroad and sectoral shifts in employment present new challenges and opportunities in the worldwide economy and raise the question: how can rural communities successfully build on their economic base and other assets to retain and attract population and employment. And, when, where, and under what circumstances will rural development strategies be most successful? Rural policy for the future will need to encompass a broad array of issues, and these different rural issues will require different mixes of solutions. Strategies to generate new employment and income opportunities, develop local human resources, and build and expand critical infrastructure hold the most promise for enhancing the economic opportunities and well being of rural America.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2005

    Research Areas page from the February 2005 issue of Amber Waves

  • Rural Transportation At A Glance

    AIB-795, January 12, 2005

    This six-page brochure provides the latest information on transportation in rural America. The effects of deregulation, devolution of Federal transportation responsibilities to the States, increased Federal funding, and heightened security concerns are discussed in the context of each of the individual modes of transportation.

  • The Conservation Reserve Program: Economic Implications for Rural America

    AER-834, October 08, 2004

    This report estimates the impact that high levels of enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) have had on economic trends in rural counties since the program's inception in 1985 until today. The results of a growth model and quasi-experimental control group analysis indicate no discernible impact by the CRP on aggregate county population trends. Aggregate employment growth may have slowed in some high-CRP counties, but only temporarily. High levels of CRP enrollment appear to have affected farm-related businesses over the long run, but growth in the number of other nonfarm businesses moderated CRP's impact on total employment. If CRP contracts had ended in 2001, simulation models suggest that roughly 51 percent of CRP land would have returned to crop production, and that spending on outdoor recreation would decrease by as much as $300 million per year in rural areas. The resulting impacts on employment and income vary widely among regions having similar CRP enrollments, depending upon local economic conditions.

  • Rural America At A Glance, 2004

    AIB-793, September 30, 2004

    Rural America At A Glance, 2004 is a six-page brochure that highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The brochure is the third in a series of reports that uses current social and economic data to highlight population, labor market, income, and poverty trends in rural areas. This brochure provides information on key rural conditions and trends for use by public and private decisionmakers and others in efforts to enhance the economic opportunities and quality of life for rural people and their communities.