Publications

Sort by: Title | Date
  • Population Dynamics Are Changing the Profile of Rural Areas

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2007

    Nonmetro America is less ethnically diverse and older than the rest of the country, though demographic trends indicate some changes lie ahead. Nonmetro populations will continue to be older than metro populations because a greater proportion of retirees are moving to nonmetro counties than metro counties, and because older people account for a larger share of the population in counties that are losing residents. Hispanic population growth is counteracting persistent population decline in many rural counties, especially in the Midwestern and Great Plains States.

  • Nonmetro Manufacturing Counties Regaining Employment

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2007

    Green payments would merge farm income support and conservation payments. If income support and conservation payments go to different farms, policymakers will face tradeoffs between the two objectives when designing a green payments program.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2007

    Research area charts from the February 2007 issue of Amber Waves

  • Rural Employment At A Glance

    EIB-21, December 29, 2006

    Rural Employment At A Glance is a six-page brochure that highlights the most recent indicators of employment and unemployment in rural areas. It documents changes and differences in metro and nonmetro employment growth, unemployment, earnings per job, and occupational mix, as well as differences across nonmetro areas by location and county type.

  • Adjusting for Living Costs Can Change Who Is Considered Poor

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2006

    The prevalence of poverty has historically been greater in nonmetro than metro areas since poverty rates were first officially recorded. However, adjusting the official poverty measure for cost-of-living differences reverses the rankings of metro and nonmetro poverty. Such a reversal would have important implications for the geographic and demographic distribution of Federal funding of poverty-based programs.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2006

    Research area charts from the November 2006 issue of Amber Waves.

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2006

    Indicators tables from the November 2006 issue of Amber Waves.

  • Nonmetro Earnings Lag Metro

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2006

    Nonmetro earnings per job are an important indicator of how the rural economy is performing. The average earnings in nonmetro areas were 67 percent of metro in 2004. This shortfall is longstanding and widening. Nonmetro earnings trail metro earnings across all nonfarm industries. And a greater portion of metro jobs are in higher-paying industries.

  • Reclassification of Nonmetro Areas Exaggerates Employment Gap

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2006

    After each decennial census, population shifts cause some nonmetro counties to be reclassified as metropolitan. This reclassification can affect employment statistics, exaggerating the contrast in metro-nonmetro economic growth. The apparent decline of nonmetro employment and most of the evident gap between metro and nonmetro growth rates reflect the reclassification of nonmetro counties as metro.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2006

    Research area charts from the September 2006 issue of Amber Waves.

  • Rural America At A Glance, 2006 Edition

    EIB-18, August 29, 2006

    Rural America At A Glance, 2006 Edition highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The brochure provides information on key rural conditions and trends for use by public and private decisionmakers and others in efforts to enhance the economic opportunities and quality of life for rural people and their communities.

  • Farmland Retirement's Impact on Rural Growth

    Amber Waves, July 01, 2006

    This article addresses an unintended consequences of high levels of enrollment in the CRP, that of farmland retirement's impact of rural growth. To examine this issue, this article examines the local socioeconomic changes that accompanied CRP enrollment in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and discusses ERS analysis of the potential employment and output changes if all land currently enrolled in the program could be put to other uses, given the current distribution of land, prevailing commodity market conditions, and public policies.

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2006

    Farm, Rural, Natural Resources and Food and Fiber Sector Indicators section - April 2006

  • On The Map

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2006

    Nonmetro county population change, 2005; Half grew, half declined

  • Meat-Processing Firms Attract Hispanic Workers to Rural America

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2006

    Hispanics increasingly meet labor demand arising from industry restructuring.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2006

    Research Areas: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Farms Firms and Households and Rural America - April 2006

  • Indicators

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2006

    Farm, Rural, Natural Resources and Food and Fiber Sector Indicators section - April 2006

  • Agriculture and Rural Communities Are Resilient to High Energy Costs

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2006

    Higher energy costs have led agricultural producers to substitute more expensive fuels with less expensive fuels, shift to less energy-intensive crops, and employ energy-conserving production practices where possible. Energy price increases will have the biggest impact on farmers where energy represents a significant share of operating costs. Rural communities face somewhat different issues with increases in petroleum and natural gas costs. As the cost of producing goods and services rises, so will household costs for transportation and home heating. Because of higher transportation expenses, rural communities may see changes in settlement patterns, especially in more remote rural areas.

  • Greening Income Support and Supporting Green

    EB-1, March 14, 2006

    A multitude of design decisions influence the performance of voluntary conservation programs. This Economic Brief is one of a set of five exploring the implications of decisions policymakers and program managers must make about who is eligible to receive payments, how much can be received, for what action, and the means by which applicants are selected. In particular, this Brief focuses on potential tradeoffs in combining income support and environmental objectives in a single program.

  • Home Financing: Rural-Urban Differences

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2006

    The homeownership rate in America is at a record high (69 percent of households). Whether in rural or urban areas, most home purchases are financed by a home mortgage. For rural homeowners, however, mortgage rates are often higher than for urban homeowners, and lenders may impose more stringent requirements for financing a rural residence.