Publications

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  • Identifying Overlap in the Farm Safety Net

    EIB-87, November 22, 2011

    ERS offers a conceptual framework for identifying overlap in farm safety net programs, including how to define and measure overlap. The study also suggests a direction for further analysis.

  • Impact of Rising Natural Gas Prices on U.S. Ammonia Supply

    WRS-0702, August 06, 2007

    The volatile and upward trend in U.S. natural gas prices from 2000-06 has led to a 17-percent decline in the Nation's annual aggregate supply of ammonia. During the period, U.S. ammonia production declined 44 percent, while U.S. ammonia imports increased 115 percent. Also, the share of U.S.-produced ammonia in the U.S. aggregate supply of ammonia dropped from 80 to 55 percent, while the share from imports increased from 15 percent to 42 percent. Meanwhile, ammonia prices paid by farmers increased from $227 per ton in 2000 to $521 per ton in 2006, an increase of 130 percent. Natural gas is the main input used to produce ammonia. Additional increases in U.S. natural gas prices could lead to a further decline in domestic ammonia production and an even greater rise in ammonia imports.

  • Implications of an Early Corn Crop Harvest for Feed and Residual Use Estimates

    FDS-12F-01, July 03, 2012

    An early corn harvest-before the August 31 end of the previous marketing year-creates an overlap of supply-and-use data between the old and new marketing years that can alter the patterns of corn use and ending stocks, with implications for official USDA projections and estimates.

  • India's Poultry Sector: Development and Prospects

    WRS-0403, February 02, 2004

    Poultry meat is the fastest growing component of global meat demand, and India, the world's second largest developing country, is experiencing rapid growth in its poultry sector. In India, poultry sector growth is being driven by rising incomes and a rapidly expanding middle class, together with the emergence of vertically integrated poultry producers that have reduced consumer prices by lowering production and marketing costs. Integrated production, market transition from live birds to chilled and frozen products, and policies that ensure supplies of competitively priced domestic or imported corn and soybeans are keys to future poultry industry growth in India.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2011-21

    GFA-22, July 15, 2011

    ERS assesses the food security situation in 77 developing countries, including estimates for 2011 and projections for the next decade. The report is the latest in an annual series.

  • Issues and Prospects in Corn, Soybeans, and Wheat Futures Markets

    FDS-09G-01, August 05, 2009

    The past 5 years have seen large increases in trading of corn, soybean, and wheat futures contracts by nontraditional traders, a trend that coincided with historic price increases for these commodities. These events have raised questions about whether changes in the composition of traders participating have contributed to movements in commodity prices beyond the effects of market fundamentals. Evidence suggests the link between futures and cash prices for some commodity markets may have weakened (poor convergence), making it more difficult for traditional traders to use futures markets to manage risk. This report discusses the role and objective of new futures traders compared with those of traditional futures traders and seeks to determine if the composition of traders in futures markets has contributed to convergence problems. Market activity is analyzed by focusing on positions of both traditional and new market traders, price levels, price volatility, and volume and open interest trends. Convergence of futures and cash prices is examined, along with implications and prospects for risk management by market participants. The report also discusses the implications for market performance and the regulatory response of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

  • Japan's Beef Market

    LDPM-194-01, August 30, 2010

    This report provides a broad overview of the beef market in Japan, including consumer's preferences, domestic production practices, domestic and trade policies, and market outlook.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: April 2014

    LDPM-238, April 15, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for April 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: August 2015

    LDPM-254, August 18, 2015

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2015 analyzes animal product markets based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: August 2016

    LDPM-266, August 18, 2016

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2016 analyzes economic impacts on animal product markets of month-to-month changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: December 2013

    LDPM-234, December 16, 2013

    Exports and Demand Dynamics Provide Price Support.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: February 2013

    LDPM-224, February 14, 2013

    Cattle herd rebuilding thrown a curve, drought to determine inventory dynamics in 2013.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: February 2014

    LDPM-236, February 14, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for February 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: January 2013

    LDPM-223, January 17, 2013

    With the new year continues the same drought as well and its continued negative impacts on the cattle sector.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: January 2014

    LDPM-235, January 16, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for January 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: January 2016

    LDPM-259, January 19, 2016

    The Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook for January 2016 analyzes animal product markets based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: July 2014

    LDPM-241, July 17, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for July 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: July 2016

    LDPM-265, July 18, 2016

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for July 2016 analyzes economic impacts on animal product markets of month-to-month changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: June 2014

    LDPM-240, June 18, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for June 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: June 2016

    LDPM-264, June 16, 2016

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for June 2016 analyzes economic impacts on animal product markets of month-to-month changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.