Publications

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  • Feed Outlook: September 2014

    FDS-14I, September 15, 2014

    The September 2014 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.

  • Feed Outlook: September 2015

    FDS-15I, September 15, 2015

    The September 2015 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2015/16 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.

  • Feed Outlook: September 2016

    FDS-16I, September 14, 2016

    The September 2016 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2015/16 and 2016/17 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.

  • Honey: Background for 1995 Farm Legislation

    AER-708, April 03, 1995

    This report address considerations in the 1995 farm bill debate for honey, including market conditions, policy proposals, and the interactions between policy and markets for selected commodities. The U.S. Government has supported the price of honey since 1950 by providing market price stability to honey producers to encourage them to maintain honeybee populations sufficient to pollinate important agricultural crops. When honey support prices moved above the average domestic price in the early 1980s, domestic producers found it profitable to forfeit their honey to the Government while packers and industrial users imported lower priced honey for domestic use. Changes made in the program by the Food Security Act of 1985 reduced forfeitures of honey to the Government and made domestic honey competitive with imports. Consequently, imports declined from 138.2 million pounds in 1985 to 55.9 million in 1988. At the same time, Government takeover of forfeited honey declined from 98 million pounds in 1985 to 1.1-3.2 million pounds from 1989 through 1992. Expenditures and takeovers will decline even further in fiscal years 1994 and 1995 with amendments to the Appropriations Acts, which eliminated deficiency payments and loan forfeitures for 1994 and 1995 crop honey.

  • Indian Sugar Market More Volatile

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2010

    Sugar production in India, the world’s second largest producer, will likely drop sharply in 2009/10. India will shift from a net exporter to a large net importer. Swings in India’s sugar trade are increasingly significant for world markets

  • Measuring the Effect of Imports of Sugar-Containing Products on U.S. Sugar Deliveries

    SSSM-237-01, September 08, 2003

    This article analyzes the effects of imports of sugar-containing products on the level of sugar deliveries to U.S. industrial end users of sugar. The article accomplishes three objectives: 1) reviews trends in domestic sugar deliveries; 2) shows estimates of how much sugar has entered the United States in imported products and how much has left in exported products; and 3) analyzes the effects of imports of sugar-containing products on demand for domestic and imported sugar.

  • NAFTA at 15: Building on Free Trade

    WRS-09-03, March 31, 2009

    Implementation of the agricultural provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has drawn to a close. In 2008, the last of NAFTA's transitional restrictions governing U.S.-Mexico and Canada-Mexico agricultural trade were removed, concluding a 14-year project in which the member countries systematically dismantled numerous barriers to regional agricultural trade. During the implementation period, the agricultural sectors of Canada, Mexico, and the United States have become much more integrated. Agricultural trade within the free-trade area has grown dramatically, and Canadian and Mexican industries that rely on U.S. agricultural inputs have expanded. U.S. feedstuffs have facilitated a marked increase in Mexican meat production and consumption, and the importance of Canadian and Mexican produce to U.S. fruit and vegetable consumption is growing.

  • NAFTA at 20: North America's Free-Trade Area and Its Impact on Agriculture

    WRS-15-01, February 02, 2015

    In 20 years after NAFTA's implementation, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico increased from $8.9 billion to $39.5 billion, while U.S. agricultural imports from these trading partners rose from $7.4 billion to $39.4 billion.

  • Next-Generation Biofuels: Near-Term Challenges and Implications for Agriculture

    BIO-01-01, May 14, 2010

    This report assesses the short-term outlook for production of next-generation biofuels and the near-term challenges facing the sector. Next-generation U.S. biofuel capacity should reach about 88 million gallons in 2010, thanks in large measure to one plant becoming commercially operational in 2010, using noncellulosic animal fat to produce green diesel. U.S. production capacity for cellulosic biofuels is estimated to be 10 million gallons for 2010, much less than the 100 million gallons originally mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. Near-term sector challenges include reducing high capital and production costs, acquiring financial resources for precommercial development, developing new biomass supply arrangements, many of which will be with U.S. farmers, and overcoming the constraints of ethanol's current 10-percent blending limit with gasoline.

  • Oil Prices and Ethanol Demand Drive Changes in Agricultural Commodity Production in Brazil

    Amber Waves, July 05, 2016

    Prices of oil and biofuels, agricultural land use, and commodity markets are linked through a complex web of interactions. In Brazil, a major consumer and producer of ethanol and a leading commodity exporter, changes in oil prices could lead to major shifts in the country’s cropping patterns and, as a result, changes in world commodity prices.

  • Projecting World Raw Sugar Prices

    SSSM-317-01, January 16, 2015

    World sugar prices have an important effect on the U.S. sugar sector. This report presents a modeling framework for use in projecting world sugar prices, with detailed treatment of the role of Brazil in the world sugar and ethanol sectors.

  • Provisions of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981

    AGES-811228, January 01, 1982

    Commodity program provisions of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 are summarized. Price support, loan level, disaster payment, program acreage, and other provisions of the legislation are discussed for wheat, feed grains, cotton, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar, dairy, and wool and mohair. The following provisions are also summarized: miscellaneous; grain reserves; the national agricultural cost of production standards review board; agricultural exports and P.L. 480; food stamps; research, extension, and teaching; resource conservation; credit, rural development, and family farms; and floral research and consumer information.

  • Provisions of the Food Security Act of 1985

    AIB-498, April 01, 1986

    The Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198) establishes a comprehensive framework within which the Secretary of Agriculture will administer agriculture and food programs from 1986 through 1990. This report describes the Act's provisions for dairy, wool and mohair, wheat, feed grains, cotton, rice, peanuts, soybeans, and sugar (including income and price supports, disaster payments, and acreage reductions); other general commodity provisions; trade; conservation; credit; research, extension, and teaching; food stamps; and marketings. These provisions are compared with earlier legislation.

  • Selected Trade Agreements and Implications for U.S. Agriculture

    ERR-115, April 15, 2011

    ERS examines possible impacts of recently implemented free trade agreements (FTAs) where the United States is not a partner, and potential effects of pending U.S. agreements with Korea, Colombia, and Panama.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: April 2014

    SSSM-308, April 15, 2014

    The April 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global sugar and sweeteners markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: August 2014

    SSSM-312, August 18, 2014

    Lower predicted sugar imports from Mexico lead to low U.S. sugar supply forecast for 2015.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: August 2016

    SSSM-336, August 18, 2016

    Higher U.S. harvested area forecast for sugarcane and sugarbeets in 2016/17, raising projected U.S. sugar production.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: December 2013

    SSSM-304, December 16, 2013

    The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook for December 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the December 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and recent Feedstock Flexibility Program (FFP) developments. Also to be reviewed will be world sugar prospects for 2013/14.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: December 2015

    SSSM-328, December 15, 2015

    The Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook for December 2015 reviews the sugar and sweeteners market conditions for the United States and Mexico.

  • Sugar & Sweeteners Outlook: December 2016

    SSSM-340, December 15, 2016

    Record U.S. domestic sugar production still expected for 2016/17. Mexico Export Limit anticipated to be unchanged from September.