Publications

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  • Changes to the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program Under the Agricultural Act of 2014: Their Potential Risk Reduction Impacts

    EIB-172, May 25, 2017

    ERS researchers find that the new NAP Buy-Up coverage can mitigate low-yield risk more than the NAP Basic and slightly increase a farmer's revenue

  • Changing Crop Area in the Former Soviet Union Region

    FDS-17B-01, February 21, 2017

    Total crop area fell substantially in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan during the 1990's. Though area has rebounded somewhat in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, it is still far below the levels of the late Soviet period in Russia and Kazakhstan.

  • Changing Structure of Global Food Consumption and Trade

    WRS-01-1, May 30, 2001

    Higher income, urbanization, other demographic shifts, improved transportation, and consumer perceptions regarding quality and safety are changing global food consumption patterns. Shifts in food consumption have led to increased trade and changes in the composition of world agricultural trade. Given different diets, food expenditure and food budget responses to income and price changes vary between developing and developed countries. In developing countries, higher income results in increased demand for meat products, often leading to increased import of live-stock feed. Diet diversification and increasing demand for better quality and labor-saving products have increased imports of high-value and processed food products in developed countries. Consumer groups in developed countries have also brought attention to organic production of food and the topic of animal welfare. One way in which the public and private sectors have responded to consumer demand for these quality attributes has been by developing and implementing mandatory and voluntary quality control, management, and assurance schemes.

  • Characteristics of U.S. Cotton Farms Vary Widely

    Amber Waves, February 21, 2013

    In the U.S, cotton is a major field crop that generates significant cash receipts for producers, exceeded only by corn, soybeans, wheat, and greenhouse products. Data from the most recent (2007) cotton version of USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey reveal the extent to which cotton farm operators have different characteristics and use different production practices.

  • China’s Agricultural Policies Reshape Global Sorghum Trade

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2015

    China's agricultural and trade policies in the corn sector are shifting global patterns of sorghum imports.

  • Consolidation and Structural Change in the U.S. Rice Sector

    RCS-11D01, April 21, 2011

    This report examines how the structure of the U.S. rice industry has evolved over the past two decades, including a reduction in the number of farms, increased average farm size, and the shifting concentration of rice production away from higher-cost production regions. The authors analyze the economic factors driving these structural changes and explore the implications of those changes for market efficiency and competitiveness of the U.S. rice industry.

  • Consumer-Level Food Loss Estimates and Their Use in the ERS Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Data

    TB-1927, January 03, 2011

    The Food Availability (per capita) Data System developed by USDA's Economic Research Service tracks annual food and nutrient availability for many commodities. The Food Availability data series in this system overstates actual consumption, so ERS has included an additional series, the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data, to adjust the Food Availability data for nonedible food parts and food losses, including losses from farm to retail, at retail, and at the consumer level. In this report, we propose new consumer-level loss estimates for "cooking loss and uneaten food" of the edible share to replace those currently used in the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data and propose their adoption for the entire data span (1970 to the most recent year in the series). The proposed loss percentages are calculated by subtracting food consumption estimates from food purchase or availability estimates for each food. These calculations are adjusted with information from an expert panel experienced in analyzing food consumption data. In general, the proposed food loss estimates for individual foods indicate substantial differences from the currently used estimates. Although some estimates indicate smaller loss percentages than the currently used estimates, many are larger. Overall, if the proposed loss estimates are used in the ERS loss-adjusted series, the average American would consume 17.3 pounds less each year, or 41.9 fewer calories per day, than suggested by the currently used loss estimates.

  • Contracts, Markets, and Prices: Organizing the Production and Use of Agricultural Commodities

    AER-837, November 01, 2004

    Demand for specific product attributes is making contracts the choice over traditional spot markets for many livestock commodities and some major crops-e.g., sugar beets, fruit, tomatoes.

  • Corn and Soybean Production Costs and Export Competitiveness in Argentina, Brazil, and the United States

    EIB-154, June 20, 2016

    Lower shipping costs have helped keep the U.S. competitive with South America in international markets, but that could change with recent reductions in export taxes, export restrictions, and transportation costs in Brazil and Argentina.

  • Cost Savings From Precision Agriculture Technologies on U.S. Corn Farms

    Amber Waves, May 02, 2016

    Information-based technologies are growing in popularity with farmers because their use can lead to closer monitoring of farm production management decisions and possible cost savings. According to USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey, four technologies are the most commonly used: yield mapping, soil mapping, auto-guidance machinery steering, and variable-rate technologies.

  • Cotton Backgrounder

    CWS-07B01, March 30, 2007

    U.S. cotton growers, like producers of other agricultural commodities in recent years, have confronted pressures from market forces and the impacts of policy developments, both domestic and international. Most notably, the ending of the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) sent a ripple effect throughout the global cotton industry. While adjustments in the textile and apparel sectors of many countries, including the United States, continue to evolve, dramatic changes have already been seen for some. World cotton mill use has accelerated along with economic growth since 1999, particularly in China, and U.S. cotton producers have benefited as foreign import demand has reached new heights. Government payments contribute a considerable portion of total revenue to the cotton sector, and adjustments to this program or any other commodity program in the 2007 farm legislation will be driven by factors such as domestic market conditions, multilateral trade negotiations, and the Federal budget deficit.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: August 2012

    CWS-12F, August 13, 2012

    The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts also are provided.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: August 2017

    CWS-17H, August 14, 2017

    The August 2017 Cotton and Wool Outlook report presents and discusses USDA's latest 2017/18 U.S. and world cotton supply and demand projections. The report also includes the latest U.S. textile and apparel trade data.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: December 2017

    CWS-17K, December 14, 2017

    The December 2017 Cotton and Wool Outlook report presents and discusses USDA's latest 2017/18 U.S. and world cotton supply and demand projections. The report also includes the latest U.S. textile and apparel trade data.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: July 2012

    CWS-12E, July 12, 2012

    The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts also are provided.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: July 2017

    CWS-17g, July 14, 2017

    The July 2017 Cotton and Wool Outlook report presents and discusses USDA's latest 2017/18 U.S. and world cotton supply and demand projections. The report also includes the latest U.S. textile and apparel trade data.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: October 2017

    CWS-17j, October 16, 2017

    The October 2017 Cotton and Wool Outlook report presents and discusses USDA's latest 2017/18 U.S. and world cotton supply and demand projections. The report also includes the latest U.S. textile and apparel trade data.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: September 2012

    CWS-12G, September 13, 2012

    The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts also are provided.

  • Cotton and Wool Outlook: September 2017

    CWS-17i, September 14, 2017

    The September 2017 Cotton and Wool Outlook report presents and discusses USDA's latest 2017/18 U.S. and world cotton supply and demand projections. The report also includes the latest U.S. textile and apparel trade data.

  • Crop Outlook Reflects Near-Term Prices and Longer Term Market Trends

    Amber Waves, May 20, 2013

    U.S. corn and wheat acreage is expected to increase in 2013, soybean acreage is expected to stay mostly unchanged, and rice and cotton acreage will likely decline. Acreage shifts in recent years reflect growing domestic and foreign demand for U.S. corn and soybeans and increased global competition in wheat, cotton, and other commodity markets.