Publications

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  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: May 2015

    AES-86, May 28, 2015

    May 2015 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY 2015 are discussed in this report. Exports to fall $12 billion in 2015; imports to reach record high.

  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: May 2016

    AES-92, May 26, 2016

    This report discusses May 2016 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY 2016. Exports are forecast at $124.5 billion in 2016; imports to reach record high.

  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: May 2017

    AES-99, May 25, 2017

    This report discusses May 2017 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY2017. Exports are forecast at $137.0 billion in FY2017 and imports are expected to reach $114.5 billion, resulting in a trade surplus of $22.5 billion.

  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: November 2016

    AES-97, November 30, 2016

    This report discusses November 2016 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY2017. Exports are forecast at $134.0 billion in FY2017 and imports are expected to reach $112.5 billion, resulting in a trade surplus of $21.5 billion.

  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: November 2017

    AES-102, November 30, 2017

    This report discusses November 2017 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY2018. Exports are forecast at $140.0 billion in FY2018 and imports are expected to reach $117.0 billion, resulting in a trade surplus of $23.0 billion.

  • Pork Quality and the Role of Market Organization

    AER-835, November 08, 2004

    This study addresses changes in the organization of the U.S. pork industry, most notably marketing contracts between packers and producers, by exploring their function in addressing pork quality concerns. A number of developments brought quality concerns to the forefront. These include health concerns and corresponding preferences for lean pork, growing incidence of undesirable quality attributes (e.g., pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat, a result of breeding for leanness), heightened concerns over food safety and related regulatory programs, and expansion into global markets. Organizational arrangements can facilitate industry efforts to address pork quality needs by reducing measuring costs, controlling quality attributes that are difficult to measure, facilitating adaptations to changing quality standards, and reducing transaction costs associated with relationship-specific investments in branding programs.

  • Production Costs and Returns for Tobacco in 2003

    TBS-258-01, May 13, 2005

    Average net returns per acre were estimated to be negative for burley and flue-cured tobacco in 2003. Total economic costs for burley and flue-cured tobacco production likely rose in 2003 from 2002 due to higher costs for energy, labor, and quota rental rates. Cost estimates are computed using production data from the last tobacco surveys, conducted in 1995 for burley tobacco and 1996 for flue-cured tobacco, and 2003 data on prices, yields, marketing costs, and quota levels.

  • Projecting World Raw Sugar Prices

    SSSM-317-01, January 16, 2015

    World sugar prices have an important effect on the U.S. sugar sector. This report presents a modeling framework for use in projecting world sugar prices, with detailed treatment of the role of Brazil in the world sugar and ethanol sectors.

  • Prospects for China's Corn Yield Growth and Imports

    FDS-14D-01, April 28, 2014

    The pace of growth in China's corn yield is a key determinant of its future corn imports. Yields are growing, but more slowly than U.S. yields. Trends suggest China's corn consumption, driven by feed demand, will outpace production growth.

  • Provisions of the Food Security Act of 1985

    AIB-498, April 01, 1986

    The Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198) establishes a comprehensive framework within which the Secretary of Agriculture will administer agriculture and food programs from 1986 through 1990. This report describes the Act's provisions for dairy, wool and mohair, wheat, feed grains, cotton, rice, peanuts, soybeans, and sugar (including income and price supports, disaster payments, and acreage reductions); other general commodity provisions; trade; conservation; credit; research, extension, and teaching; food stamps; and marketings. These provisions are compared with earlier legislation.

  • Pulses Production Expanding as Consumers Cultivate a Taste for U.S. Lentils and Chickpeas

    Amber Waves, February 06, 2017

    U.S. pulses production has trended higher for several years and for the 2016/17 marketing year, lentil and chickpea production is set to reach consecutive record highs. Strong exports and rising domestic demand are driving the surge in pulse crop production.

  • Recent Convergence Performance of Futures and Cash Prices for Corn, Soybeans, and Wheat

    FDS-13L-01, December 30, 2013

    From 2005 to 2011, there were growing discrepancies between expiring futures prices and cash prices for wheat, corn, and soybeans--a problem known as non-convergence. Changes to futures contracts have improved convergence since 2011.

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, June 01, 2005

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - June 2005

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2005

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - April 2005

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2003

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - November 2003

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - September 2004

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, April 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - April 2004

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, September 01, 2005

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - September 2005

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, November 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - November 2004

  • Research Areas

    Amber Waves, February 01, 2004

    Indicators: Markets and Trade, Diet and Health, Resources and Environment and Rural America - February 2004