Publications

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  • Rice Outlook: August 2012

    RCS-12H, August 13, 2012

    The outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.

  • China's Market for Distillers Dried Grains and the Key Influences on Its Longer Run Potential

    FDS-12G-01, August 09, 2012

    ERs reviews China's emergence as an export market for U.S.-produced DDGS, the primary co-product from corn-based ethanol production, and analyzes how Chinese trade policies and the costs of alternative feed affect demand.

  • Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Impacts on U.S. and Foreign Suppliers in Commodity and Manufactured Food Markets

    ERR-138, August 09, 2012

    Focusing on two agricultural subsectors-commodity foods and manufactured foods-ERS quantifies the extent to which RTAs have expanded trade between member countries and altered trade between member and nonmember countries.

  • Dynamic PEATSim Model Documenting Its Use in Analyzing Global Commodity Markets

    TB-1933, July 18, 2012

    This report documents the updated version of the Partial Equilibrium Agricultural Trade Simulation (PEATSim) model developed by USDA's Economic Research Service. PEATSim is a global model, covering 31 commodities and 27 countries/regions. The model, consistent with economic theory, provides a flexible country and commodity aggregation and accounts for cross-commodity linkages and interactions. The report includes a presentation and discussion of the structure and specific features of the revamped model, along with the theoretical underpinnings. It also documents an application of the model to illustrate its dynamic structure and to demonstrate the differential behavior.

  • Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook: July 2012

    SSSM-287, July 16, 2012

    The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the most recent month's edition of the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report.

  • Rice Outlook: July 2012

    RCS-12G, July 12, 2012

    There were several major revisions to the 2012/13 U.S. rice balance sheet this month. On the supply side, the 2012/13 carryin was increased 5.0 million cwt to 34.5 million cwt. A higher area estimate raised the 2012/13 production forecast 8.0 million cwt to 191.0 million cwt. In contrast, 2012/13 imports were lowered 0.5 million cwt to 21.5 million cwt. On balance, these revisions resulted in a 12.5-million cwt increase in the 2012/13 total supply forecast to 247.0 million cwt.

  • Policy, Technology, and Efficiency of Brazilian Agriculture

    ERR-137, July 09, 2012

    ERS focuses on the effects of Brazil's science and technology investments and other public policies on the country's growth in agricultural production—77 percent between 1985 and 2006—and its emergence as a major agricultural exporter.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2012-22

    GFA-23, July 09, 2012

    ERS assesses food security in 76 developing countries, including estimates for 2012 and projections for the next decade - latest report in an annual series. Key determinants of food security: food production and import capacity.

  • Vegetables and Pulses Outlook: June 2012

    VGS-350, June 28, 2012

    Prices at the point of first sale remain low for most fresh-market vegetables and consumer prices also fell in the first 5 months of 2012. Volumes are strong as mild winter and early spring temperatures allowed early planting in many areas. Per capita use of fresh-market vegetables fell less than 1 percent in 2011 compared to the previous year.

  • Indonesia's Modern Food Retail Sector: Interaction With Changing Food Consumption and Trade Patterns

    EIB-97, June 20, 2012

    ERS examines food consumption patterns in Indonesia and measures the growth of modern food retail chains, packaged food purchases, and food imports in the world's fourth-most-populous country.

  • Immigration Policy and Its Possible Effects on U.S. Agriculture

    Amber Waves, June 05, 2012

    Policymakers are considering changes to U.S. immigration law that would affect the market for hired farm labor--including mandatory use of an Internet-based employment eligibility verification system and an expanded guestworker program for nonimmigrant, foreign-born agricultural workers.

  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade: May 2012

    AES-74, May 31, 2012

    This outlook report offers, on a quarterly basis, the U.S. agricultural import and export outlook, as well as the year-to-date value and volume of U.S. agricultural exports and imports, by commodity and region.

  • Estimating the Range of Food-Insecure Households in India

    ERR-133, May 30, 2012

    Focusing on India, which has the world's largest food-insecure population, ERS analyzes a large household data set used by India's government to track household food security.

  • Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook: May 2012

    LDPM-215, May 16, 2012

    Improved soil moisture conditions have improved the outlook for corn and wheat. Despite positive profit margins in other cattle and beef sectors, cattle feeders continue to endure negative profit margins.

  • Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook: May 2012

    SSSM-285, May 15, 2012

    Projected U.S. sugar supply for fiscal year (FY) 2013 is down 2.4 percent from FY 2012, as lower imports more than offset higher production and beginning stocks. Higher beet sugar production reflects higher area and trend yields, while cane sugar production is nearly unchanged from a year earlier. Imports under the tariff rate quota (TRQ) reflect the minimum of U.S. commitments to import raw and refined sugar and the projected shortfall. The Secretary of Agriculture will establish the TRQ at a later date. Imports from Mexico are up, mainly due to higher production in Mexico. Total use is up 1 percent.

  • U.S. Net Textile and Apparel Imports Decline in 2011

    CWS-12A, March 12, 2012

    U.S. net textile and apparel fiber imports decreased in calendar year 2011 as a result of the sluggish U.S. economy. Total fiber product imports reached 17.2 billion raw-fiber-equivalent pounds in 2011, 7 percent below 2010 and the second lowest since 2004. Meanwhile, fiber product exports rose for the second consecutive year to 3.7 billion pounds after a recent low of 3.1 billion in 2009. As a result, 2011 net fiber product imports only reached 13.5 billion pounds, 9 percent below 2010 and one of the lowest since the mid-2000s (fig. 1).

  • China’s Hog Cycle Boosts U.S. Pork Exports

    Amber Waves, March 01, 2012

    High pork prices in the Chinese market have created opportunities for the U.S. pork industry. However, U.S. pork sales to China have not risen at a steady rate. They tend to rise and fall in rhythm with cyclical changes in China's hog sector.

  • USDA Agricultural Projections to 2021

    OCE-121, February 13, 2012

    This report provides longrun (10-year) projections for the agricultural sector through 2021. Projections cover agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of the sector, such as farm income and food prices.

  • China's Volatile Pork Industry

    LDPM-211-01, February 07, 2012

    ERS analyzes factors contributing to volatility in China's pork market, including policy, disease, environment, food safety, and production cost issues, all of which influence China's demand for imported pork.

  • Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook: January 2012

    LDPM-211, January 19, 2012

    Beef/Cattle: Recent rains have provided some relief in the drought-affected Southern United States, but La Nina is expected to continue her influence into 2012. Despite the drought-induced sell-off of cattle in the South and record-high feed prices, prices for all cattle have held up well in 2011. However, profit margins for cattle feeders and packers have been largely negative.