Publications

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  • Market Issues and Prospects for U.S. Distillers' Grains Supply, Use, and Price Relationships

    FDS-10K-01, December 09, 2010

    Growth in corn dry-mill ethanol production has surged in the past several years, simultaneously creating a coproduct-distillers' grains (DDGS). Many in the U.S. feed industry were concerned about the size of this new feed source and whether it could be used entirely by the feed industry, but they also worried about the price discovery process for the product. The authors of this report provide a transparent methodology to estimate U.S. supply and consumption of DDGS. Potential domestic and export use of U.S. DDGS exceeds current production and is likely to exceed future production as ethanol production continues to grow. The authors identify the DDGS price discovery process along with the price relationships of distillers' grains, corn, and soybean meal.

  • Milk Pricing in the United States

    AIB-761, February 28, 2001

    Over the past 125 years, a complex system of both public and private pricing institutions has evolved to deal with milk production, assembly, and distribution. The pricing of milk in the United States is part market-determined, and part publicly administered through a wide variety of pricing regulations. This report examines the many facets of pricing milk as it moves from the farm gate to alternative users

  • NAFTA at 20: North America's Free-Trade Area and Its Impact on Agriculture

    WRS-15-01, February 02, 2015

    In 20 years after NAFTA's implementation, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico increased from $8.9 billion to $39.5 billion, while U.S. agricultural imports from these trading partners rose from $7.4 billion to $39.4 billion.

  • Next-Generation Biofuels: Near-Term Challenges and Implications for Agriculture

    BIO-01-01, May 14, 2010

    This report assesses the short-term outlook for production of next-generation biofuels and the near-term challenges facing the sector. Next-generation U.S. biofuel capacity should reach about 88 million gallons in 2010, thanks in large measure to one plant becoming commercially operational in 2010, using noncellulosic animal fat to produce green diesel. U.S. production capacity for cellulosic biofuels is estimated to be 10 million gallons for 2010, much less than the 100 million gallons originally mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. Near-term sector challenges include reducing high capital and production costs, acquiring financial resources for precommercial development, developing new biomass supply arrangements, many of which will be with U.S. farmers, and overcoming the constraints of ethanol's current 10-percent blending limit with gasoline.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2017

    OCS-17H, August 14, 2017

    Looming wave of soybean supplies may propel an export surge.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: July 2017

    OCS-17g, July 14, 2017

    The July 2017 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2015

    OCS-15K, November 13, 2015

    Abundant U.S. soybean stocks seen for 2015/16.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2017

    OCS-17i, September 14, 2017

    Modestly higher soybean yields offset a reduced stocks carryover.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2013

    OCS-13D, April 12, 2013

    Prices ease after USDA reports larger than expected soybean stocks.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2014

    OCS-14D, April 11, 2014

    Record 2014 soybean acreage heralds upsurge for currently tight stocks.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2015

    OCS-15D, April 13, 2015

    U.S. soybean stocks getting worked down by record demand.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2016

    OCS-16D, April 14, 2016

    Outlook for soybean ending stocks tightens but still ample.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2017

    OCS-17D, April 13, 2017

    The April 2017 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2013

    OCS-13H, August 14, 2013

    Rising competition, smaller crop gains seen limiting U.S. soybean demand.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2014

    OCS-14H, August 14, 2014

    U.S. soybean yields rise with favorable weather.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2015

    OCS-15H, August 14, 2015

    Soybean stocks to rise with higher crop and dimmer export outlook.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2016

    OCS-16H, August 16, 2016

    Record acreage and yields swell U.S. soybean production.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: December 2013

    OCS-13L, December 12, 2013

    An Abundance of U.S. Soybean Supplies Propels 2013/14 Exports.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: December 2014

    OCS-14L, December 12, 2014

    Strong soybean exports support prices.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: December 2015

    OCS-15L, December 11, 2015

    Soybean oil prices seen strengthening with tightening global vegetable oil stocks.