Publications

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  • Major Factors Affecting Global Soybean and Products Trade Projections

    Amber Waves, May 02, 2016

    Global soybean and products trade is projected to rise rapidly over the next 10 years according to <em>USDA Agricultural Projections to 2025</em>. The primary factors driving this increase include population and income growth, which are behind the rising world demand for livestock products, as well as policies implemented by major agricultural importers and exporters.

  • Mandatory Price Reporting, Market Efficiency, and Price Discovery in Livestock Markets

    LDPM-254-01, September 03, 2015

    ERS found that the Livestock Mandatory Reporting Act, up for renewal in 2015, has improved the markets' overall speed in absorbing new information and that it generally benefits livestock feeders, meatpackers, and-ultimately-consumers.

  • Market Access for High-Value Foods

    AER-840, February 01, 2005

    This report examines global food trade patterns and the role of WTO market access rules in shaping the composition of global food trade.

  • Market Integration of the North American Animal Products Complex

    LDPM-13101, May 26, 2005

    The beef, pork, and poultry industries of Mexico, Canada, and the United States have tended to become more economically integrated over the past two decades. Sanitary barriers, which are designed to protect people and animals from diseases, are some of the most significant barriers to fuller integration of meat and animal markets. In addition, diseases such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease, have caused major disruptions to beef and cattle trade.

  • Market Issues and Prospects for U.S. Distillers' Grains Supply, Use, and Price Relationships

    FDS-10K-01, December 09, 2010

    Growth in corn dry-mill ethanol production has surged in the past several years, simultaneously creating a coproduct-distillers' grains (DDGS). Many in the U.S. feed industry were concerned about the size of this new feed source and whether it could be used entirely by the feed industry, but they also worried about the price discovery process for the product. The authors of this report provide a transparent methodology to estimate U.S. supply and consumption of DDGS. Potential domestic and export use of U.S. DDGS exceeds current production and is likely to exceed future production as ethanol production continues to grow. The authors identify the DDGS price discovery process along with the price relationships of distillers' grains, corn, and soybean meal.

  • Milk Pricing in the United States

    AIB-761, February 28, 2001

    Over the past 125 years, a complex system of both public and private pricing institutions has evolved to deal with milk production, assembly, and distribution. The pricing of milk in the United States is part market-determined, and part publicly administered through a wide variety of pricing regulations. This report examines the many facets of pricing milk as it moves from the farm gate to alternative users

  • NAFTA at 20: North America's Free-Trade Area and Its Impact on Agriculture

    WRS-15-01, February 02, 2015

    In 20 years after NAFTA's implementation, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico increased from $8.9 billion to $39.5 billion, while U.S. agricultural imports from these trading partners rose from $7.4 billion to $39.4 billion.

  • Next-Generation Biofuels: Near-Term Challenges and Implications for Agriculture

    BIO-01-01, May 14, 2010

    This report assesses the short-term outlook for production of next-generation biofuels and the near-term challenges facing the sector. Next-generation U.S. biofuel capacity should reach about 88 million gallons in 2010, thanks in large measure to one plant becoming commercially operational in 2010, using noncellulosic animal fat to produce green diesel. U.S. production capacity for cellulosic biofuels is estimated to be 10 million gallons for 2010, much less than the 100 million gallons originally mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. Near-term sector challenges include reducing high capital and production costs, acquiring financial resources for precommercial development, developing new biomass supply arrangements, many of which will be with U.S. farmers, and overcoming the constraints of ethanol's current 10-percent blending limit with gasoline.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2017

    OCS-17H, August 14, 2017

    Looming wave of soybean supplies may propel an export surge.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: July 2017

    OCS-17g, July 14, 2017

    The July 2017 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2015

    OCS-15K, November 13, 2015

    Abundant U.S. soybean stocks seen for 2015/16.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2017

    OCS-17i, September 14, 2017

    Modestly higher soybean yields offset a reduced stocks carryover.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2013

    OCS-13D, April 12, 2013

    Prices ease after USDA reports larger than expected soybean stocks.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2014

    OCS-14D, April 11, 2014

    Record 2014 soybean acreage heralds upsurge for currently tight stocks.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2015

    OCS-15D, April 13, 2015

    U.S. soybean stocks getting worked down by record demand.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2016

    OCS-16D, April 14, 2016

    Outlook for soybean ending stocks tightens but still ample.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2017

    OCS-17D, April 13, 2017

    The April 2017 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: April 2018

    OCS-18D, April 12, 2018

    Strong U.S. soybean meal demand fuels a record soybean crush.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2013

    OCS-13H, August 14, 2013

    Rising competition, smaller crop gains seen limiting U.S. soybean demand.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: August 2014

    OCS-14H, August 14, 2014

    U.S. soybean yields rise with favorable weather.