Publications

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  • Brazil's Corn Industry and the Effect on the Seasonal Pattern of U.S. Corn Exports

    AES-93, June 15, 2016

    Brazil's corn exports are now concentrated in months traditionally dominated by Northern Hemisphere exporters, particularly the United States. Greater competition from Brazil could alter the seasonal pattern of U.S. corn exports and prices.

  • Cattle Sector Production Practices and Regional Price Differences

    LDPM-202-1, April 26, 2011

    This report outlines the tendency for fed cattle from the Southern Plains to typically sell at a premium over cattle from the Northern Central Plains, describing the nuances in regional production and marketing practices that underlie the price relationship referred to as "the North-South spread."

  • Changes in Retail Organic Price Premiums from 2004 to 2010

    ERR-209, May 24, 2016

    Of 17 organic food products ERS analyzed, most retail price premiums fluctuated between 2004 and 2010, neither increasing nor decreasing steadily. Only three products-fresh spinach, canned beans, and coffee-showed steady premium decreases.

  • Changes in U.S. Dairy Commercial Exports and Domestic Commercial Disappearance

    Amber Waves, February 02, 2015

    Traditionally, the U.S. dairy industry was driven by the domestic market. Since about 2004, U.S. dairy exports have grown substantially, primarily for products with high skim milk solids content, such as nonfat dry milk and skim milk powder. Domestic consumption has had greater growth for products with relatively high milk-fat content, such as cheese.

  • Climate Change, Heat Stress, and U.S. Dairy Production

    ERR-175, September 30, 2014

    In 2010, heat stress lowered annual milk production for the average dairy by about $39,000, or $1.2 billion for the sector. In 2030, additional heat stress from climate change may lower milk production by an estimated 0.6 to 1.35 percent.

  • Consolidation in U.S. Meatpacking

    AER-785, March 01, 1999

    Meatpacking consolidated rapidly in the last two decades: slaughter plants became much larger, and concentration increased as smaller firms left the industry. We use establishment-based data from the U.S. Census Bureau to describe consolidation and to identify the roles of scale economies and technological change in driving consolidation. Through the 1970's, larger plants paid higher wages, generating a pecuniary scale diseconomy that largely offset the cost advantages that technological scale economies offered large plants. The larger plants' wage premium disappeared in the 1980's, and technological change created larger and more extensive technological scale economies. As a result, large plants realized growing cost advantages over smaller plants, and production shifted to larger plants.

  • ERS Tracks Meat Prices at the Retail, Wholesale, and Farm Levels

    Amber Waves, October 05, 2015

    Each month the Economic Research Service calculates farm-to-wholesale and wholesale-to-retail price spreads for beef, pork, and broilers. These price spreads show the difference between what consumers pay for a certain type of meat at the retail store and what producers actually receive for that meat.

  • Effect of Media on Consumer Demand for Lean Finely Textured Beef Muted

    Amber Waves, February 02, 2015

  • Feed Outlook: April 2009

    FDS-09D01, April 01, 2009

    The byproducts of making ethanol, sweeteners, syrups, and oils used to be considered less valuable than the primary products. But the increased livestock-feed market for such byproducts in the past few years has switched that perception to one of the ethanol industry making grain-based "co-products" that have market value separate from the primary products. Co-products such as dried distiller's grains, corn gluten feed, corn gluten meal, corn oil, solubles, and brewer's grains have become economically viable components, along with traditional ingredients (such as corn, soybean meal, and urea), in feed rations.

  • Feed Outlook: April 2013

    FDS-13D, April 12, 2013

    Lower than expected March 1 corn stocks roil markets, lower price, and raise ending stocks.

  • Feed Outlook: December 2016

    FDS-16l, December 13, 2016

    The December 2016 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2015/16 and 2016/17 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.

  • Feed Outlook: July 2013

    FDS-13G, July 15, 2013

    This month's projected 2013/14 feed grain supplies are slightly lower, reflecting a reduction in harvested acres for corn.

  • Feed Outlook: June 2013

    FDS-13F, June 14, 2013

    Rains have delayed planting the 2013 corn crop resulting in a projected yield decline of 1.5 bushels per acre to 156.5 bushels per acre.

  • Feed Outlook: May 2013

    FDS-13E, May 14, 2013

    May 2013 Feed Outlook report

  • Growth of U.S. Dairy Exports

    LDPM-270-01, November 29, 2016

    The United States, as a top producer and exporter of dairy products, has a pivotal role to play, but will have to compete with large dairy exporters such as New Zealand, the EU, and Australia to increase export market share in the future.

  • Hog Spot Market Prices Not Strongly Associated With Production Contracts

    Amber Waves, March 01, 2012

    A comparison of prices received by independent hog producers in regions of growing contract production with prices in regions of shrinking contract production reveals no strong relationship between contract prevalence and spot market prices.

  • Livestock Forage Disaster Program Payments Increase in 2014

    Amber Waves, February 02, 2015

    ERS’s current farm income forecast for 2014 includes $4.3 billion in Livestock Forage Disaster Program (LFP) payments, an almost 700 percent increase from total LFP payments made during the previous 5 years combined. LFP, which is accounted for in farm income accounting under “ad hoc and disaster assistance payments,” is expected to be over 40 percent of total direct payments.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: April 2014

    LDPM-238, April 15, 2014

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for April 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: August 2015

    LDPM-254, August 18, 2015

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2015 analyzes animal product markets based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and dairy production and trade.

  • Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook: August 2016

    LDPM-266, August 18, 2016

    The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2016 analyzes economic impacts on animal product markets of month-to-month changes in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.