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  • Soybeans: Background and Issues for Farm Legislation

    OCS-0701-01, August 01, 2001

    Congress is considering new farm legislation to replace the expiring Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996. As background for these deliberations, this report provides information on supply, demand, and prices in the U.S. soybean sector. Domestic policy effects on U.S. exports and trade agreements are also evaluated because international trade is an important component of soybean demand. A description of the major features of the current soybean program is included, as well as a discussion of some proposed policy changes.

  • Soybean Backgrounder

    OCS-200601, April 04, 2006

    This report addresses key domestic and international market and policy developments that have affected the U.S. soybean sector in recent years. It provides an analysis of the competition between crops for domestic farmland and the international supply and demand for soybean products. Also covered are domestic and trade policy, farm program costs, and a profile of operating and financial characteristics of U.S. farms producing soybeans.

  • Peanut Policy Change and Adjustment Under the 2002 Farm Act

    OCS-04G01, July 15, 2004

    This report examines the experience of the peanut sector following the 2002 Farm Act's elimination of the marketing quota system, and identifies factors affecting the transition to a more market-oriented system. Although peanut prices and acreage declined following passage of the 2002 Farm Act, it appears that producers are taking advantage of increased planting flexibility to expand production in higher yielding areas. Moreover, the transition has been cushioned by rising demand, and additional sources of revenue from government payments and other sources of farm and off-farm income.

  • Peanut Outlook: Impacts of the 2008-09 Foodborne Illness Outbreak Linked to Salmonella in Peanuts

    OCS-10A-01, February 01, 2010

    The 2009 foodborne illness outbreak linked to Salmonella in peanut products resulted in one of the largest food safety recalls ever in the United States. The source of the outbreak handled a small share of the U.S. peanut supply, but the scope of the recalls was magnified because the peanut products were used as ingredients in more than 3,900 products. Consumer purchases of peanut-containing products initially slowed during the recalls, but retail purchases soon returned to normal and peanut processing held steady. The recalls do not appear to have had a lasting impact on peanut demand and production.

  • Peanut Backgrounder

    OCS-05I01, October 26, 2005

    Like producers of other agricultural commodities, U.S. peanut growers in recent years have confronted pressures from market forces and the impacts of policy developments, both domestic and international. Most notably, peanut policy was transformed in 2002 by the elimination of a decades-old marketing quota system. This policy step represented a fundamental change that was accompanied by substantial adjustments in the peanut sector. While demand growth has since been robust, greater supplies and lower prices are raising government expenditures on the peanut program. Federal budget pressures and the implications of trade agreements are important current issues. This report is the first of a series of background reports on key U.S. commodities, which will provide a concise overview of important developments in major sectors of the agricultural economy.

  • Oilseed Policies in Japan

    OCS-1102-01, December 09, 2002

    This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its oilseed producers and processors. Domestic policies include compensation to farmers when market prices fall below specified targets and subsidized hazard insurance. The government provides strong incentives to divert land from rice into soybeans, and soybean production is growing. At the border, no tariffs are imposed on oilseeds (except for peanuts) or oilseed meals. However, significant tariffs apply to vegetable oils. These tariffs allow Japan's oilseed crushers to sell vegetable oil at prices above world trade levels. A tariff-rate quota applies to peanuts.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2016

    OCS-16I, September 14, 2016

    Record U.S. soybean use may not keep pace with big production gains.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2015

    OCS-15I, September 15, 2015

    Lower U.S. beginning stocks of soybeans offsets higher crop.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2014

    OCS-14I, September 15, 2014

    Record soybean yields to raise season-ending stocks to 8-year high.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2013

    OCS-13I, September 16, 2013

    Each month,the Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: September 2012

    OCS-12I, September 13, 2012

    ERS--working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies--conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: October 2017

    OCS-17j, October 16, 2017

    Soybean Supplies for 2017/18 are Curtailed by Lower Carryover Stocks

  • Oil Crops Outlook: October 2016

    OCS-16J, October 14, 2016

    U.S. Soybean Exports To Get a Boost from Record Harvest

  • Oil Crops Outlook: October 2015

    OCS-15J, October 14, 2015

    Lower soybean carryover and production trims 2015/16 ending stocks outlook.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: October 2014

    OCS-14J, October 15, 2014

    Soybean prices depressed by historically high supply.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: October 2012

    OCS-12J, October 12, 2012

    ERS--working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies--conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2017

    OCS-17K, November 14, 2017

    Export competition suppresses expansion of U.S. soybean sales.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2016

    OCS-16K, November 14, 2016

    Modest Pace for U.S. Export Sales of Soybean Meal Tempers Crushing Gains.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2014

    OCS-14K, November 13, 2014

    Robust soybean meal exports propel strong domestic use of soybeans.

  • Oil Crops Outlook: November 2013

    OCS-13K, November 13, 2013

    U.S. Soybean Exports Forecast Boosted by Strong Sales, Improved Crop.