Publications

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  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2017

    FTS-365, September 29, 2017

    U.S. apple production to decline this fall and will coincide with a smaller pear crop. Increased storage-apple supplies from previous harvest, however, will likely mitigate upward pressure on early-season prices.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: April 2017

    FTS-364, April 03, 2017

    This report provides analysis of supply and demand conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nut markets, including projections on market conditions for 2016/17 citrus crops.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2016

    FTS-363, September 30, 2016

    U.S. apple production to increase this fall, but lack of competing supplies from previous harvest likely to hold early-season prices strong. This large apple crop will coincide with smaller pear crop this fall.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: June 2016

    FTS-362, June 30, 2016

    Sweet cherry and prune crops are forecast down from last season. Anticipated price gains from reduced California peach supplies mitigated by large supplies in South Carolina and Georgia and lower prices for off-season imports this winter.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: March 2016

    FTS-361, March 31, 2016

    The current U.S. citrus crop is forecast down 12 percent from the 2014/15 season, with reduced supplies expected for most major citrus crops except for tangerine and mandarin production. Citrus grower prices fairly strong.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2015

    FTS-360, September 30, 2015

    The Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook report analyzes supply-and-demand conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nuts markets and provides projections on market conditions for 2015 apple, pear, cranberry, grape and peach crops as well as 2014/15 citrus crops, both fresh and processed markets. It includes an additional section on U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: June 2015

    FTS-359, June 30, 2015

    Peach, cherry, and prune production forecast down from last season. The decline in peach output has only put little upward pressure on prices. Shipments of melons are up through June.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: March 2015

    FTS-358, March 27, 2015

    A fractional decline in domestic citrus production is forecast, but gains in mandarins' and lemons' production should place downward pressure on grower prices. Winter strawberry supplies are ample.

  • Evolving U.S. Fruit Markets and Seasonal Grower Price Patterns

    FTS-357-01, September 29, 2014

    ERS analyzes seasonal patterns in grower prices for several major U.S. fresh fruits markets. Strawberries, grapes, and peaches all have distinct seasonal price patterns. In several cases, the timing of high and low prices has shifted.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2014

    FTS-357, September 26, 2014

    Abundant apple supplies will move to markets in the 2014/15 marketing year, putting downward pressure on U.S. apple prices. The 2014 U.S. pear crop is forecast 9 percent smaller than a year ago.

  • Imports Contribute to Year-Round Fresh Fruit Availability

    FTS-356-01, December 30, 2013

    Imports of fresh fruits complement domestic production and contribute to the year-round availability of fresh fruit in the U.S. market. Imports also help lower domestic prices and smooth out price fluctuations.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: July 2013

    FTS-356, July 26, 2013

    Lighter cherry supplies in California and Washington State are supporting upward pressure on 2013 domestic cherry prices. Mix of hot and cold weather hindered early-season peach production from its full potential.

  • Fruit and Tree Nut Outlook: March 2013

    FTS-355, March 29, 2013

    Total U.S. citrus production reduced in 2012/13 due to warm, dry winter. Forecast production at 11.4 million tons. The domestic all-orange crop is forecast 4 percent less than previous season at 8.7 million tons.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: December 2012

    FTS-354, December 18, 2012

    Total citrus production forecast to remain stable in 2012/13.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: September 2012

    FTS-353, September 27, 2012

    Adverse weather is behind the forecast smaller U.S. apple, pear, and grape crops in 2012.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: June 2012

    FTS-352, June 28, 2012

    This season's Southern Hemisphere blueberry shipments to the United States (primarily from Chile) have already ended and sourcing has now transitioned to domestic production. Current domestic pricing for fresh blueberries is above last year's, caused by an early finish to Chilean shipments this winter and anticipated smaller crops in Florida and Georgia-production States that are the earliest to come into blueberry season each year.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: March 2012

    FTS-351, March 30, 2012

    USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its March citrus production forecast for marketing year 2011/12 on March 9. Total U.S. citrus production is forecast at 11.6 million tons, down less than 1 percent from 2010/11 and less than 1 percent below the initial October citrus forecast. Production gains for oranges are offset by declines in grapefruit, lemon, and tangerine and mandarin production. NASS forecasts California's 2011/12 all orange crop down 6 percent from last season to 2.3 million tons. This production decline is due to an 8-percent smaller navel crop of 1.8 million tons. California Valencia production is estimated upward to 560,000 tons. The smaller crop has not boosted prices substantially so far this season, but they have remained strong and should increase as supplies dwindle toward the end of the season.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: July 2011

    FTS-348, July 29, 2011

    The index of prices received by fruit and tree nut growers in June, at 157 (1990-92=100), rose 9 percent from the May index and increased 18 percent above the June 2010 index. Year-to-year price increases in June for process grapefruit and fresh-market apples, grapes, peaches, pears, and strawberries drove the index up over the previous year, offsetting price declines for fresh-market lemons and oranges.

  • Characteristics of Conventional and Organic Apple Production in the United States

    FTS-34701, July 25, 2011

    This report uses data from USDA's 2007 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and other sources to examine trends in the U.S. apple sector and compare production and marketing characteristics under organic and conventional farming systems.

  • Peru: An Emerging Exporter of Fruits and Vegetables

    FTS-34501, December 16, 2010

    This report provides an overview of performance, advantages, and challenges of the Peruvian fruits and vegetables export industry. Three commodity case studies-asparagus, processed artichokes, and table grapes-highlight different degrees of competition with U.S. industries and impacts on U.S. growers.