Publications

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  • China's Pork Imports Rise Along with Production Costs

    LDPM-271-01, January 10, 2017

    China has become the leading importer of pork, as production costs have risen. A comparison of U.S.-China farm data reveals that U.S. efficiency in feed costs and pork production provides an advantage in the China market.

  • Development of China's Feed Industry and Demand for Imported Commodities

    FDS-15K-01, November 19, 2015

    China's commercial feed industry plays a critical role in supporting growth of the country's livestock sector. The feed industry's need for raw materials has been key to lowering China's barriers to agricultural imports.

  • U.S. Agricultural Trading Relationship With China Grows

    Amber Waves, May 04, 2015

    China's "new normal" presents opportunities and challenges for U.S. agricultural exports to China.

  • Cotton Policy in China

    CWS-15C-01, March 31, 2015

    Managing China's unprecedented volume of cotton stockpiles will require difficult choices by Chinese authorities. China's large role in world cotton markets means its recent policy changes could reduce world cotton prices significantly.

  • China's Growing Demand for Agricultural Imports

    EIB-136, February 19, 2015

    China is heavily importing land-intensive agricultural products such as oilseeds, oil, and cotton, and the United States has become the leading supplier of China's agricultural imports.

  • Prospects for China's Corn Yield Growth and Imports

    FDS-14D-01, April 28, 2014

    The pace of growth in China's corn yield is a key determinant of its future corn imports. Yields are growing, but more slowly than U.S. yields. Trends suggest China's corn consumption, driven by feed demand, will outpace production growth.

  • China in the Next Decade: Rising Meat Demand and Growing Imports of Feed

    Amber Waves, April 07, 2014

    USDA anticipates that China’s soybean and corn imports will continue to rise, with soybean imports meeting nearly all soybean meal demand and imports accounting for about 10 percent of corn supplies by 2023. Meat imports are also projected to rise, but remain a small share of consumption.

  • Assessing the Growth of U.S. Broiler and Poultry Meat Exports

    LDPM-23101, November 08, 2013

    The United States is the world's second largest broiler meat exporter, and exports are a valuable source of income for the industry. ERS examines factors affecting the growth in broiler meat exports, focusing on several major markets.

  • U.S. Exports Surge as China Supports Agricultural Prices

    Amber Waves, October 24, 2013

    As China expanded support for agriculture, it relied on raising price supports to maintain net returns to farmers. China became the largest market for U.S. ag. exports as rising prices eroded the competitiveness of Chinese commodities.

  • Growth and Evolution in China's Agricultural Support Policies

    ERR-153, August 05, 2013

    China's expanding program of domestic agricultural support has raised concerns among trading partners, and China could exceed WTO limits in coming years if the level and range of price support continues to increase.

  • China’s Agricultural Productivity Growth: Strong But Uneven

    Amber Waves, June 03, 2013

    The rapid growth in China’s agricultural productivity over the past few decades may not have been sustained in recent years. Annual total factor productivity growth peaked during 1996-2000 at 5.1 percent before slowing to 3.2 percent in 2000-2005. It then declined by 3.7 percent per year in 2005-07. The significance of this slowdown remains unclear.

  • A Market for U.S. Distillers Dried Grains Emerges in China

    Amber Waves, December 03, 2012

    China has become a key importer of U.S. distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), the main co-product from ethanol production. About a fourth of U.S. DDGS output is exported, and China accounted for nearly 20 percent of those exports in 2010/11.

  • China's Market for Distillers Dried Grains and the Key Influences on Its Longer Run Potential

    FDS-12G-01, August 09, 2012

    ERs reviews China's emergence as an export market for U.S.-produced DDGS, the primary co-product from corn-based ethanol production, and analyzes how Chinese trade policies and the costs of alternative feed affect demand.

  • China’s Hog Cycle Boosts U.S. Pork Exports

    Amber Waves, March 01, 2012

    High pork prices in the Chinese market have created opportunities for the U.S. pork industry. However, U.S. pork sales to China have not risen at a steady rate. They tend to rise and fall in rhythm with cyclical changes in China's hog sector.

  • China's Volatile Pork Industry

    LDPM-211-01, February 07, 2012

    ERS analyzes factors contributing to volatility in China's pork market, including policy, disease, environment, food safety, and production cost issues, all of which influence China's demand for imported pork.

  • International Food Security Assessment, 2011-21

    GFA-22, July 15, 2011

    ERS assesses the food security situation in 77 developing countries, including estimates for 2011 and projections for the next decade. The report is the latest in an annual series.

  • Chinese Apple Juice Export Growth Follows Investments in the Industry

    Amber Waves, March 14, 2011

    A combination of government, foreign, and private investment began building a juice processing industry in China in the early 1990s. China is now the world's largest supplier of apple juice concentrate.

  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook: October 2010

    FTS-344-01, October 04, 2010

    This report analyzes the remarkable growth in China's apple juice concentrate exports since the 1990s and the factors behind the growth. The industry is a prime example of how capital investment and government policies bring China's labor-intensive agricultural products into the world market in the form of processed food and beverage products.

  • China’s Corn Surplus Persists, Despite Industrial-Processing Boom

    Amber Waves, March 01, 2010

    China is using more of its corn to manufacture hundreds of industrial products, including starches, sweeteners, alcohol, amino acids, and citric acid. But despite a decade of booming industrial use, China’s corn supply still exceeds its demand.

  • Feed Outlook: December 2009

    FDS-09K-01, December 14, 2009

    China's corn imports are minimal, even though it is using a growing proportion of its corn to produce starch, ethanol, and other industrial products. The corn-processing industry's growth was encouraged by Chinese government policy, but the industry now has excess capacity. Many of the corn-based industrial products are exported. China's price support for corn during 2008/09 increased raw material costs for the industry and slowed its growth.