Amber Waves

Amber Waves presents the broad scope of ERS research and analysis on the economics of food, farming, natural resources, and rural America. The most recent edition includes articles on: how SNAP food benefits contributed to employment during the Great Recession; alternatives to antibiotics in food animals; risk factors of food insecurity around the globe; costs of meeting U.S. dietary recommendations for fruit and vegetables; the many sources of income for farm households; how agricultural exports contribute to the U.S. economy; healthfulness scores for Americans' food store purchases; regional differences in how far people live from food stores; and incentives for agricultural conservation practices.

New from ERS

Impacts on India's Farmers and Processors of Reducing Soybean Import Barriers

This study examines the potential impacts on Indian farmers and processors of reducing barriers to soybean imports. Model-based simulations find that with imported soybeans, processors could more fully utilize their existing crush capacity, reduce their unit costs, and sharply expand their sales volumes and revenues—leading to substantial economic benefits.

Row of furrowed field crops stretching to horizon

An Overview of Beginning Farms and Farmers

This report uses information from USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (2013 to 2017) to describe the structural and economic characteristics of beginning farms and illustrate how they differ from more established operations

Three children eating from bowls at kitchen table

Household Food Security in the United States in 2018

An estimated 11.1 percent of American households were food insecure at least some time during the year in 2018, lacking access to enough food for an active, healthy life for all their members. That is down from 11.8 percent in 2017.

Photo of fruits and vegetables.

Food Security and Food Purchase Quality Among Low-Income Households: Findings From the National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS)

ERS characterizes the difference in food purchase quality of low-income food-insecure and food-secure households using the National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey, a data collection from ERS and the Food & Nutrition Service.

International Food Security Assessment, 2019-29

The share of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report is projected to fall from 19.3 percent in 2019 to 9. percent in 2029. The number of food-insecure people is projected to fall 45 percent.