Milk Cost of Production Estimates
Monthly milk cost-of-production (COP) estimates, and annual milk COP estimates by State and size of operation are shown below. Estimates since 2010 are based on the 2010 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data from milk producers. Estimates for 2005 through 2009 are based on the 2005 ARMS data from milk producers.
Note: ERS no longer updates the national monthly milk cost of production estimates. The decision to stop publishing is primarily due to limitations of the data available to produce these estimates, which call into question their reliability. An expert panel review of the ERS Commodity Costs and Returns Program recommended that these estimates be discontinued. Annual milk cost of production estimates by State and size will continue to be published, but eventually will be moved to annual cost and return estimates for other major field crop and livestock commodities, at https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/commodity-costs-and-returns.aspx. The monthly milk data series will reside at this location, along with a record of the methodology used to develop these data.
|Data Set||Last Updated||Next Update|
|Milk Cost-of-Production Estimates-2016 Base|
|Milk cost of production by State||5/1/2019||10/1/2019|
|Milk cost of production by size of operation||5/1/2019||10/1/2019|
|Milk Cost-of-Production Estimates-2010 Base|
|National milk cost of production||2/8/2018|
|Milk cost of production by State||10/2/2018|
|Milk cost of production by size of operation||10/2/2018|
|Milk Cost-of-Production Estimates-2005 Base|
|National milk cost of production||1/30/2012|
|Milk cost of production by State||10/3/2011|
|Milk cost of production by size of operation||10/3/2011|