Most farmers receive off-farm income, but small-scale operators depend on it
Median total household income among all farm households ($83,111) exceeded the median for all U.S. households ($68,703) in 2019. Median household income and income from farming increase with farm size and most households earn some income from off-farm employment. About half of U.S. farms are very small, with annual farm sales under $10,000; the households operating these farms typically rely on off-farm sources for most of their household income. In contrast, the median household operating large-scale farms earned $350,373 in 2019 with most of that from farming.
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