Food Safety & International Markets
Globalization of the food supply means new food-safety risks and
previously controlled risks can be introduced into countries, and
contaminated food can be spread across greater geographic areas.
Food-safety concerns may reduce demand for certain products, alter
international food trade patterns, and limit market access for some
issues related to international trade present challenges for
policymakers to guard and/or enhance national food supplies.
ERS conducts analysis of global food safety that includes the
interplay of regulation and marketing incentives in promoting food
safety; labeling and traceability; and impacts of specific
foodborne illness outbreaks traced to imports. ERS maintains a set
of data on phytosanitary regulation of U.S. fresh fruit and
vegetable imports. The agency's research has included
analysis of potential risks associated with food imports from