- Japan, with a population of about 125 million, is a major
importer of agricultural products.
- Japan's mountainous topography limits the total area available
for farming, and the farm area is divided into holdings that are
too small to produce most foods efficiently in a modern, urban
- Japan protects key sectors of its agricultural production with
tariffs, which have contributed to high food costs in Japan.
- Despite the protection, Japan imports over $30 billion in
agricultural products each year, one-third from the United States,
the leading supplier of Japan's agricultural imports.
- Japan is one of the largest export markets for U.S.
ERS analyzes important aspects of Japan's food and agricultural
sectors and the policies that affect Japan's role in world