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Image: Food Choices & Health

Table 3

Return to Food Demand Analysis

Table 3-Nutrient Elasticity Estimates
Nutrient quantity of
Selected price increase by 10-percent of
Income
Beef
Pork
Chicken
Cheese
Milk
Oranges
Tomatoes
 
Percent
Macronutrients
Energy
-0.053
0.127
-0.150
-0.333
-0.072
-0.073
-0.076
0.272
Protein
-0.788
-0.095
-0.445
-0.235
-0.150
-0.080
0.074
0.254
Total fat
-0.203
-0.009
-0.104
-0.508
0.265
-0.193
-0.275
0.381
Saturated fat
-0.429
-0.133
-0.033
-0.713
0.185
-0.247
-0.319
0.398
Monounsaturated fat
-0.284
-0.167
-0.133
-0.427
0.289
-0.149
-0.217
0.375
Polyunsaturated fat
0.458
0.537
-0.149
-0.360
0.382
-0.202
-0.343
0.368
Cholesterol
-0.279
-0.241
-0.204
-0.326
0.155
-0.117
-0.023
0.312
Carbohydrate
0.235
0.302
-0.106
-0.209
-0.334
0.033
0.055
0.190
Dietary fiber
-0.256
0.278
0.157
0.122
-0.112
0.097
-0.021
0.261
Minerals
Calcium
-0.815
-0.142
0.126
-0.803
-0.426
-0.291
0.003
0.307
Iron
-0.979
0.076
0.046
-0.151
0.097
0.066
-0.038
0.253
Magnesium
-0.395
0.114
-0.046
-0.030
-0.312
-0.057
0.029
0.297
Phosphorus
-0.603
-0.093
-0.185
-0.357
-0.268
-0.136
0.024
0.279
Potassium
-0.739
-0.263
0.223
-0.142
-0.130
-0.185
-0.041
0.301
Sodium
-1.499
-0.320
0.068
-0.801
0.401
-0.307
-0.362
0.381
Zinc
-1.306
-0.004
-0.232
-0.223
-0.124
-0.078
0.001
0.298
Copper
-0.292
0.171
0.065
0.094
-0.160
0.025
-0.044
0.313
Manganese
0.270
0.527
-0.101
0.055
-0.369
0.169
0.064
0.239
Vitamins
Vitamin C
-1.160
-0.823
0.659
-0.287
0.529
-0.993
-0.227
0.325
Thiamin
-0.568
-0.699
0.091
-0.245
-0.055
0.012
0.065
0.230
Riboflavin
-0.735
-0.145
0.067
-0.371
-0.136
-0.060
0.092
0.244
Pantothenic acid
-0.184
-0.097
-0.208
-0.073
-0.145
-0.126
0.093
0.247
Vitamin B6
-0.622
-0.277
-0.311
0.001
-0.164
-0.184
0.018
0.260
Folate (DFE)
-0.958
0.183
0.097
-0.258
0.081
0.182
0.083
0.174
Vitamin B12
-2.198
0.215
0.005
-0.196
-0.164
-0.166
-0.022
0.310
Vitamin A (RAE)
-0.136
0.069
0.264
-0.657
0.960
0.081
0.358
0.225
Vitamin E (ATE)
0.063
0.665
0.195
-0.294
0.649
-0.136
-0.385
0.364

Note: Each estimate of nutrient elasticity shows the percentage change of a nutrient in response to a 10-percent increase in a food price or a 1-percent increase in per capita income.
Source: USDA, ERS.

Last updated: Tuesday, June 05, 2012

For more information contact: Biing-Hwan Lin

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