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Image: Beef cattle

Statistics & Information

For the most current coverage of the livestock industry see the monthly newsletter Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry

 Table 1. U.S. beef industry

 
Averaged annual U.S. retail Choice beef price*
Retail equivalent value of U.S. beef industry
Total U.S. beef consump- tion
Value of U.S. cattle and calf production
U.S. beef production (commer- cial carcass weight)
U.S. beef exports (commer- cial carcass weight)
U.S. beef exports (value)
U.S. beef exports as percent of production
   $/lb $ billion Billion lb $ billion Billion lb Billion lb $ billion Percent
2002 3.32 60 27.9 27.1 27.09 2.447  2.629 9.0 
2003 3.75 63 27.0 32.1 26.24 2.518 3.186 9.6 
2004 4.07 70 27.8 34.8 24.55 0.460 0.631 1.9 
2005 4.09 71 27.8 36.6 24.68 0.697 1.031 2.8 
2006 3.97 71 28.1 35.6 26.15 1.145 1.617 4.4 
2007 4.16 74 28.1 36.0 26.42 1.434 2.187 5.4 
2008 4.33 76 27.3 35.6 26.56 1.996 3.014 7.5 
2009 4.26 73 26.8 32.0 26.07 1.935 2.909 7.4 
2010 4.40 74 26.4 37.0 26.41 2.300 3.839 8.7 
2011 4.81 79  25.5 45.2 26.28 2.785 5.041 10.6
2012 4.99 85 25.8 48.2 26.00 2.453 5.114 9.4 
2013 5.29 88 25.5 49.5 25.80 2.584 5.711 10.0

*Note: BSE was confirmed in the U.S. cattle herd in late December 2003.

 Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates,  National Agricultural Statistics Service, Economic Research Service. 

Table 2. Cattle commercial slaughter and inventories 

  
U.S. commercial slaughter   
Cattle & calf inventories  
Total
Steers & heifers
Cows 
U.S. 
Canada 

Million head

2002 35.735 29.4 5.8 96.1 13.5
2003 35.490 28.7 6.1 94.4 14.6
2004 32.727 27.0 5.2 94.0 14.9
2005 32.387 27.0 4.9 96.3 14.7
2006 33.698 27.8 5.4 96.6 14.2
2007 34.300 27.9 5.8 96.0 13.9
2008 34.400 27.5 6.3 94.5 13.8
2009 33.300 26.5 6.2 93.9 13.0
2010 34.200 27.1 6.5 92.7 12.7
2011 34.222 26.7 6.8 90.8 12.2
2012 33.072 25.8 6.6 89.3 12.2
2013 31.892 25.5 6.4 89.3 13.5

Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Economic Research Service. 

  U.S. Meat and Livestock Trade, 2002-2013

 Table 3. U.S.-Canada cattle and beef trade 

            U.S. cattle imports 1/                                U.S. beef & veal imports 2/    
Total
From Canada
 Share from Canada
Total
From Canada 
Share from Canada 
Imports from Canada 
as share of U.S. beef consumption 
Million head  
 Percent 
 Billion lb, carcass weight
Percent  
2002  2.503 1.686 67.0 3.218 1.091 34.0 3.9
2003 1.752 0.512 29.0 3.006 0.74 25.0 2.7
2004 1.371 3/ <0.1 3.679 1.062 29.0 3.8
2005 1.816 0.559 31.0 3.599 1.092 30.0 3.9
2006 2.289 1.032 45.0 3.085 0.844 27.0 3.0
2007 2.495 1.405 56.0 3.052 0.789 26.0 2.8
2008 2.284 1.581 69.0 2.538 0.841 33.0 3.1
2009 2.002 1.061 53.0 2.627 0.812 31.0 3.0
2010  2.284  1.063 47.0 2.297 0.861 31.0 3.3
2011 2.107 0.686 33.0 2.056 0.689 34.0 2.7
2012 2.253 0.815 34.9 2.219 0.537 24.2 2.1
2013 2.03 1.04 51.1 2.250 0.538 23.9 2.1

1/ Cattle shipments from Canada to the United States may include animals transshipped through Canada from Hawaii or Alaska.
2/ Some products imported from Canada could be made from animals originally exported from the                   United States.
3/ 135 head.
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from Economic Research Service.

U.S. meat and livestock imports/exports by country- current year-to-date and annual and monthly

 Table 4. Value of Canadian beef and cattle exports

 
Live animals
Beef products
Total sales
  Billion $Can
2002   1.832  2.073 3.904
2003  0.592 1.378 1.970
2004  0.000 1.872 1.872
2005  0.628 1.781 2.409
2006  1.189 1.262 2.450
2007  1.545 1.133 2.678
2008  1.646 1.220 2.865
2009  1.122 1.149 2.271
2010  1.128 1.317 2.445
2011  0.890 1.196 2.086
2012  1.109 1.059 2.168
2013 1.362 1.149 2.511

Note:   Live animals = HS 0102; Beef products = HS 160250, 0201, and 0202.
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from the World Trade Atlas.

Table 5. Top markets for U.S. beef 1/

Year

Japan

Mexico

South Korea

Canada

Volume

Value

Volume

Value

Volume

Value

Volume

Value

(Million lb carcass weight)



($million)

(Million lb carcass weight)



($million)

(Million lb carcass weight)



($million)

(Million lb carcass weight)



($million)

2002
771
854
629
615
597
619
241
286
2003
918
1,182
586
623
587
754
227
309
2004
12
31
333
393
1
2
56
105
2005
17
50
464
584
1
3
106
194
2006
52
105
660
786
1
4
239
415
2007
159
294
586
737
78
124
339
576
2008
231
439
759
895
152
291
389
683
2009
274
495
628
770
141
215
363
622
2010
351
662
500
669
277
504
391
731
2011
456
873
488
791
380
661
500
1,039
2012
449
1,000
352
647
305
548
467
1,189
2013
671
1,283
403
738
253
567
463
1,190

1/ BSE was confirmed in a U.S. cattle sample in late December 2003. Before BSE, countries included accounted for over 90 percent of U.S. beef exports. Volumes on a carcass weight basis.
Sources:  Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, National Agricultural Statistics Service and Economic Research Service.

Want More Information?
Information on BSE from other USDA agencies:

Last updated: Thursday, August 28, 2014

For more information contact: Kenneth Mathews