The WIC Program: Background, Trends, and Economic Issues, 2009 Edition
by Victor Oliveira
and Elizabeth Frazão
Economic Research Report No. (ERR-73) 90 pp, April 2009
The mission of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is to safeguard the health of low-income women, infants, and children through age 4 who are at nutritional risk. WIC provides nutritious foods to supplement diets, nutrition education, and referrals to health care and other social services. Administered by USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), almost half of all infants and about a quarter of all children ages 1-4 in the United States participate in the program. WIC is USDA’s third-largest food and nutrition assistance program, accounting for 10 percent of total Federal spending on food and nutrition assistance. This report describes the WIC program—how it works, its history, program trends, and the characteristics of the population it serves. It also examines current issues facing WIC, focusing mainly on those with important economic implications.
Keywords: Food and Nutrition Assistance Programs, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, WIC, administrative-based issues, outcome-based issues
In this publication...
- Report summary, 142 kb | HTML
- Abstract, Contents, and Summary, 188 kb
- Introduction, 109 kb
- Overview of the WIC Program, 147 kb
- Legislative and Regulatory History of the WIC Program, 77 kb
- Program Trends, 414 kb
- Characteristics of WIC Participants, 248 kb
- Administrative-Based Issues in WIC, 647 kb
- Outcome-Based Issues in WIC, 283 kb
- Future Research Directions, 47 kb
- References, 60 kb
- Appendix: Methodology for Estimating WIC Participants as a Percent of U.S. Population Subgroups, 49 kb
- Entire report, 1,804 kb
- Download ERR73.zip , 625 kb
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