Household Food Security in the United States, 2006
by Mark Nord, Margaret Andrews, and Steven Carlson
Economic Research Report No. (ERR-49) 66 pp, November 2007
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2006, meaning that they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households (10.9 percent) were food insecure at least some time during the year. About one-third of food insecure households (4.0 percent of all U.S. households) had very low food security—meaning that the food intake of one or more adults was reduced and their eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year because the household lacked money and other resources for food. Prevalence rates of food insecurity and very low food security were essentially unchanged from those in 2005. The typical food-secure household spent 31 percent more on food than the typical food-insecure household of the same size and household composition. Just over half of all food-insecure households participated in one or more of the three largest Federal food and nutrition assistance programs during the month prior to USDA’s annual Food Security Survey.
Keywords: Food security, food insecurity, hunger, low food security, very low food security, food expenditures, U.S. households, food assistance and nutrition programs, food stamp program, national school lunch program, WIC
In this publication...
- Report summary, 98 kb | HTML
- Abstract, Acknowledgments, Contents, and Summary, 72 kb
- Introduction, 44 kb
- Household Food Security, 296 kb
- Household Spending on Food, 59 kb
- Use of Federal and Community Food and Nutrition Assistance Programs, 72 kb
- Appendix A—Household Responses to Questions in the Food Security Scale, 64 kb
- Appendix B—Background on the U.S. Food Security Measurement Project, 53 kb
- Appendix C—USDA’s Thrifty Food Plan, 49 kb
- Appendix D—Prevalence Rates of Food Insecurity by State, 1996-98, 2001-03, and 2004-06, 51 kb
- Appendix E—Food Security During 30 Days Prior to Food Security Survey, 70 kb
- References, 49 kb
- Entire report, 430 kb
Need help with PDFs?
See also a related briefing room