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Economic Issues in the Coexistence of Organic, Genetically Engineered (GE), and Non-GE Crops

by Catherine Greene, Seth J. Wechsler, Aaron Adalja, and James Hanson

Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-149) 41 pp, February 2016

Cover image Two decades after genetically engineered seeds became available, GE varieties are common in U.S. corn, soybean, cotton, canola, and sugarbeet production. Markets for food containing non-GE ingredients also exist. This report examines organic and conventional product markets, common coexistence practices, and the economic impacts when GE material is detected in non-GE products.

Keywords: Coexistence, organic crops, USDA organic standards, genetically engineered crops, identity preservation, non-GE, non-GMO, adoption, prices, economic impacts, corn, soybeans

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Last updated: Wednesday, February 24, 2016

For more information contact: Catherine Greene, Seth J. Wechsler, Aaron Adalja, and James Hanson