Stay Connected

Follow ERS on Twitter
Subscribe to RSS feeds
Subscribe to ERS e-Newsletters.aspx
Listen to ERS podcasts
Read ERS blogs at USDA

Family Child Care Providers in the CACFP - Operational Effects of Reimbursement Tiering: A Report to Congress on the Family Child Care Homes Legislative Changes Study

by Natasha Zotov, Shao-hsun Keng, and William Hamilton

Electronic Publications from the Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program No. (EFAN-02-004) 86 pp, April 2002

Family child care providers who participate in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) receive reimbursement for qualifying meals served to children in their care. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 mandated a two-tiered reimbursement structure designed to target benefits more narrowly to low-income children and called for a study of its effects on program participants and on meals offered to children. Participating providers who receive the lower Tier 2 reimbursements tend to charge higher hourly fees and spend somewhat less on food, according to analyses controlling for provider's location and operating characteristics. The pattern of meals and snacks that providers offered was not altered by tiering, however.

Keywords: meal reimbursement tiering, Child and Adult Care Food Program, CACFP, child care, childcare, family child care providers, child nutrition programs, welfare, reform, Food and Nutrition Service, FNS

In this publication...

Need help with PDFs?


For more information on reimbursement tiering in the CACFP, see the following reports:

1. Reimbursement Tiering in the CACFP: Summary Report to Congress on the Family Child Care Homes Legislative Changes Study

2. Family Child Care Home Participation in the CACFP—Effects of Reimbursement Tiering

3. Sponsoring Organizations in the CACFP—Administrative Effects of Reimbursement Tiering

4. Family Child Care Providers in the CACFP—Operational Effects of Reimbursement Tiering

5. Households with Children in CACFP Child Care Homes—Effects of Meal Reimbursement Tiering

6. Meals Offered by Tier 2 CACFP Family Child Care Providers—Effects of Lower Meal Reimbursements

Last updated: Friday, October 23, 2015

For more information contact: Natasha Zotov, Shao-hsun Keng, and William Hamilton