Sponsoring Organizations in the CACFP - Administrative Effects of Reimbursement Tiering: A Report to Congress on the Family Child Care Homes Legislative Changes Study
by Lawrence Bernstein and William Hamilton
Electronic Publications from the Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program No. (EFAN-02-003) 74 pp, April 2002
Sponsors of family child care homes in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) took on additional responsibilities as a result of the tiered reimbursement structure introduced in 1997. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 mandated a tiered reimbursement structure designed to target benefits more narrowly to low-income children and called for a study of its effects on program participants and on meals offered to children. Tiering has created a requirement for sponsors to classify family child care homes (providers) and some participating children according to income status. Sponsors surveyed in 1999 also reported that they had increased training and monitoring, expanded services to providers, and heightened recruitment efforts.
Keywords: meal reimbursement tiering, Child and Adult Care Food Program, CACFP, child care, childcare, family child care providers, child nutrition programs, welfare, reform, Food and Nutrition Service, FNS
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For more information on reimbursement tiering in the CACFP, see the following reports
1. Reimbursement Tiering in the CACFP: Summary Report to Congress on the Family Child Care Homes Legislative Changes Study
2. Family Child Care Home Participation in the CACFP—Effects of Reimbursement Tiering
3. Sponsoring Organizations in the CACFP—Administrative Effects of Reimbursement Tiering
4. Family Child Care Providers in the CACFP—Operational Effects of Reimbursement Tiering
5. Households with Children in CACFP Child Care Homes—Effects of Meal Reimbursement Tiering
6. Meals Offered by Tier 2 CACFP Family Child Care Providers—Effects of Lower Meal Reimbursements