Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food—Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences: Report to Congress
by Michele Ver Ploeg
, Vince Breneman
, Tracey Farrigan
, Karen Hamrick
, David Hopkins, Phillip Kaufman, Biing-Hwan Lin
, Mark Nord
, Travis A. Smith, Ryan Williams
, Kelly Kinnison, Carol Olander, Anita Singh, and Elizabeth Tuckermanty
Administrative Publication No. (AP-036) 160 pp, June 2009
This report fills a request for a study of food deserts—areas with limited access to affordable and nutritious food—from the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008. The report summarizes findings of a national-level assessment of the extent and characteristics of food deserts, analysis of the consequences of food deserts, lessons learned from related Federal programs, and a discussion of policy options for alleviating the effects of food deserts. Overall, findings show that a small percentage of consumers are constrained in their ability to access affordable nutritious food because they live far from a supermarket or large grocery store and do not have easy access to transportation.
Keywords: Food deserts, food access, supermarkets, grocery stores, food prices, low-income communities, rural areas, urban areas, small towns, transportation, obesity, diet, poverty, policy options
In this publication...
- Report summary,
- Abstract, Contents, and Summary,
- The Extent of Limited Food Access in the United States,
- The Interaction of Neighborhood and Household Characteristics in Explaining Areas With Limited Access,
- Food Access and Its Relationship to Diet and Health Outcomes,
- Food Access and Its Relationship To Food Choice,
- The Economics of Supermarket and Grocery Store Location,
- Community Food Projects,
- Policy Options,
- Future Research Needs,
- Appendix A: Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Understanding Food Deserts,
- Appendix B: Measures of Access Used in Food Desert and Related Studies,
- Appendix C: Methods, Supporting Tables, and Maps for National-Level Analysis of Supermarket Access,
- Appendix D: Examples of Community Food Projects by Type of Project,
- Entire report,
Charts and graphs (in .png format) from this report are available in the .zip file listed below. The .zip file also contains a document (readme.txt) that lists the name and title of each chart or graph file.
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