Amber Waves, October 05, 2015
The 1996 World Food Summit goal was to halve the number of food-insecure people by 2015.USDA’s Economic Research Service uses its International Food Security Assessment (IFSA) model to project food availability and access in 76 low- and middle-income countries. Results from the IFSA model are used h...
Amber Waves, September 08, 2015
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region accounts for a large and growing portion of the world’s import demand for several important agricultural commodities. This demand, driven by growing populations and rising incomes, has attracted more international suppliers into the MENA market, raising...
ERR-190, August 10, 2015
ERS analysis of a Bangladesh household survey suggests that household-level food security assessments differ from individual-level assessments, with implications for identifying undernourished populations internationally.
TB-1941, June 29, 2015
An improved modeling technique accounts for variation in food quality across income groups; the new calibrated model identifies the separate impacts of income, prices, and exchange rates on a country’s food consumption.
GFA-26, June 29, 2015
The number of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries in this report is projected to fall 9 percent from 2014, to 475 million in 2015. But over the longer term the number and population share are projected to rise.
ERR-187, June 09, 2015
ERS examines effects of alternative policies to conventional export taxes on countries’ domestic and trade markets for agricultural products -- policies that are less market distorting and less welfare diminishing.
Amber Waves, May 04, 2015
China's "new normal" presents opportunities and challenges for U.S. agricultural exports to China.
CWS-15C-01, March 31, 2015
Managing China's unprecedented volume of cotton stockpiles will require difficult choices by Chinese authorities. China’s large role in world cotton markets means its recent policy changes could reduce world cotton prices significantly.
Amber Waves, March 02, 2015
Tanzania’s geographic regions show great variation in diets. Maize dominates the diets in the surplus-maize-producing regions of the Southern Highlands and makes up a smaller share of calories in the maize-deficit regions of the north.
EIB-135, February 18, 2015
ERS compares the cost of regional representative food baskets in Tanzania with per capita income to identify regions and income groups facing potential difficulties with access to food.
Amber Waves, December 01, 2014
If agricultural productivity growth slows in future years, how will global agricultural output, consumption, land use, and prices adjust? To address this question, ERS researchers recently used the agency’s global agricultural and energy economic model—the Future Agricultural Resources Model (FARM)...
ERR-177, November 18, 2014
In regions of India affected the most by a dramatic surge in global food prices several years ago, households coped by sacrificing diet diversity as well as expenditures on medical expenses and durable goods.
EIB-130, October 28, 2014
Vietnam’s agricultural trade gains from TPP may be limited. The United States and Japan are expected to be the primary markets for agricultural export growth. Vietnam’s consumer-oriented sectors provide the largest areas for import growth.
ERR-174, September 18, 2014
ERS examines hypothetical economic and agricultural sector responses to changes in key drivers of supply and demand in the future—agricultural productivity, population, and per capita income.
Amber Waves, August 04, 2014
Lower levels of agricultural land and labor productivity help explain the relatively poor performance of Sub-Saharan Africa’s farm sector. Read about it in the August issue of Amber Waves Magazine.
GFA-25, June 30, 2014
The food-insecure population of 76 low- and middle-income countries is projected to fall 9 percent to 490 million in 2014. The food-insecure share of the population is projected to rise from 13.9 percent in 2014 to 14.6 percent in 2024.
ERR-164, March 14, 2014
ERS research shows that food security improved in Chhattisgarh, India, in response to food aid distribution reforms.
Amber Waves, March 03, 2014
India passed the National Food Security Act in 2013 to implement reforms in the distribution of subsidized food modeled after reforms made earlier in the State of Chhattisgarh. There have been significant gains in food security in Chhattisgarh, but impacts at the national level are uncertain.
Amber Waves, February 03, 2014
Despite progress and large outlays on food subsidies, India still accounts for the largest share of the world’s food insecure population. The new National Food Security Act increases the households eligible for subsidized food grains, but questions remain on the impact the legislation.
TB-1937, January 16, 2014
ERS presents updated estimates of cross-price elasticities, or responses of consumers to product price changes, using data for nine major food and nonfood consumption categories across 144 countries.
Amber Waves, November 18, 2013
Overall food security in 76 countries showed significant improvement over the past decade, with the number and share of food-insecure people declining sharply. In some countries, however, consumption of fat and protein fell short of the nutritional target, and many people in the lowest income groups...
WHS-13I-01, October 23, 2013
Afghanistan’s milling industry has been slow to rebuild, due to highly variable domestic wheat supplies and competition from imported flour, largely from Pakistan where wheat producers and flour millers receive Government support.
GFA-24, June 27, 2013
The share of the population that is food insecure in 76 low- and middle-income countries is expected to decline from 21 percent in 2012 to 20 percent in 2013. Key determinants of food security are food production and import capacity.
RCS-13F, June 14, 2013
The U.S. 2013/14 rice crop is projected at 189.5 million cwt.
Amber Waves, May 06, 2013
Agricultural research has been a driver of higher productivity in Sub-Saharan African agriculture. But despite making gradual gains since the 1980s, productivity growth in the region remains well below that of other developing countries.
ERR-145, February 20, 2013
Is weak agricultural growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to poor natural resources? This study finds that other factors--economic, technological, and political--underlie agricultural productivity gains experienced by some SSA countries.
WHS-13A-01, February 04, 2013
The three major grain-producing countries of the former Soviet Union--Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine--have become a large grain-exporting region. This report examines the causes and provides the 10-year outlook for the region's exports.
RCS-12K, November 13, 2012
The outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
FDS-12J, October 15, 2012
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
Amber Waves, September 20, 2012
For many countries in the region, low yields and lagging labor productivity in agriculture present opportunities for improvement.
GFA-23, July 09, 2012
ERS assesses food security in 76 developing countries, including estimates for 2012 and projections for the next decade - latest report in an annual series. Key determinants of food security: food production and import capacity.
ERR-133, May 30, 2012
Focusing on India, which has the world’s largest food-insecure population, ERS analyzes a large household data set used by India’s government to track household food security.
WHS-11L-01, January 04, 2012
Given expected increases in demand, imports are likely to grow in coming years even if Afghanistan’s rapid post-1990 production growth is sustained, suggesting growing dependence on supplies from Pakistan and other countries.
GFA-22, July 15, 2011
ERS assesses the food security situation in 77 developing countries, including estimates for 2011 and projections for the next decade. The report is the latest in an annual series.
ERR-121, July 12, 2011
Using a nationally representative household survey from Afghanistan, ERS analyzes the impact of increases in wheat flour prices before and during the 2007/08 global food price crisis.
GFA-21-01, May 25, 2011
Rising global food commodity prices have again focused attention on agriculture and food security. This report is an update to the July 2010 report, Food Security Assessment, 2010-20; it reviews the impact of high global food commodity prices on food security in 2010 in 70 lower income countries usi...
Amber Waves, September 01, 2010
Global food security improved between 2009 and 2010, as the effects of food price spikes and the global economic downturn moderated, but projections point to deteriorating food security over the next 10 years, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Amber Waves, June 01, 2010
The next decade is likely to see a major shift in global wheat production and trade. USDA projects that wheat exports by Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan will increase by 50 percent by 2019, and the region could lead the world in wheat exports by the end of the period.
WRS-10-01, May 17, 2010
This report evaluates the impact of Indonesia’s transition from a food-first focus to an export-oriented development strategy on its agricultural production, productivity growth, consumer food demand, and lifestyle. Shifting production and consumption patterns have led to improving agricultural trad...
ERR-89, December 17, 2009
ERS examines the performance of India’s agricultural marketing system and analyzes economywide implications of improved marketing efficiency that might stem from future reforms.
Amber Waves, December 01, 2009
The global economic downturn is expected to reduce import capacity in many lower income countries, adversely affecting their food security. The number of food-insecure people in the 70 developing countries studied by ERS is estimated to increase 2 percent in 2009, after growing 11 percent in 2008.
RCS-09D-01, May 07, 2009
Global rice prices rose to record highs in the spring of 2008, with trading prices tripling from November 2007 to late April 2008. The price increase was not due to crop failure or a particularly tight global rice supply situation. Instead, trade restrictions by major suppliers, panic buying by seve...
ERR-41, May 03, 2007
The pronounced market cycles and declines in per capita consumption of India’s major food staples, as well as budgetary concerns, are creating pressure for Indian policymakers to adjust longstanding policies.
Amber Waves, September 01, 2004
Overall, the impact of food aid in reducing hunger has fallen short of its potential and, in some cases, has negatively affected the economies of the recipient countries. A more important problem lies in the fact that there is no coordination among donors to establish guidelines for distribution and...
GFA-15, May 20, 2004
Just over 900 million people in the 70 low-income countries studied in this report are estimated to have consumed less than the recommended nutritional requirements in 2003. This marks a decline from more than 1 billion in 2002. Although food security is expected to improve in all regions over the c...
GFA-14, February 03, 2003
This report projects food gaps in 70 low-income developing countries and presents findings for North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union.
GFA-13, April 01, 2002
The Food Security Assessment report provides food gap and hunger projections for 67 potentially food insecure countries in North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and NIS.
AIB-765-5, April 26, 2001
This issue paper discusses how agricultural trade liberalization will affect low-income, food-insecure countries. Most countries and regions show modest reductions in food insecurity from liberalization due to domestic supply response that reacts to high prices.
AIB-765-2, April 26, 2001
This briefing paper examines the effects of income distribution on food security, particularly within countries that have a very uneven distribution of purchasing power. The analysis showed that for the 67 countries, food needs in year 2000 doubled when income inequality was taken into account.
GFA-12, February 26, 2001
USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694 million in 20...
FANRR-2, September 30, 1999
Although most households in the United States are food secure, during the period 1996-98 some 10 million U.S. households (9.7 percent of total) were food insecure--that is, they did not always have access to enough food to meet basic needs. Included among these were 3.5 percent of households in whic...