Allocation of research expenditures by topic area in 2007

billion 2006 U.S. dollars

Bar chart with 8 groups with 2 items per group.

Group 1, Food manufacturing.
Item 1, Private sector 2.8.
Item 2, Public sector 0.3.
Group 2, Crops.
Item 1, Private sector 1.9.
Item 2, Public sector 1.5.
Group 3, Animals.
Item 1, Private sector 0.5.
Item 2, Public sector 1.3.
Group 4, Farm machinery & engineering.
Item 1, Private sector 0.6.
Item 2, Public sector 0.1.
Group 5, Environment & natural resources.
Item 1, Private sector No data.
Item 2, Public sector 0.9.
Group 6, Human nutrition & food safety.
Item 1, Private sector No data.
Item 2, Public sector 0.5.
Group 7, Economics, statistics & policy.
Item 1, Private sector No data.
Item 2, Public sector 0.2.
Group 8, Social & community development.
Item 1, Private sector No data.
Item 2, Public sector 0.1.

Source: Public R&D is from USDA’s 2007 Inventory of Agricultural Research, based on Knowledge Area classification. Private R&D is from Fuglie et al. Research Investments and Market Structure in the Food Processing, Agricultural Input and Biofuel Industries Worldwide, ERR-130, Economic Research Service, USDA, 2011. Private sector animal nutrition research is included under “Animals” and not under “Food manufacturing.” Private sector animal health research, included under “Animals,” refers only to research on farm animals. Public sector animal research for 2007, as reported by CRIS and recorded in this chart, may be overestimated by as much as $300 million due to misreporting by a single institution. See Alston, J.M., et al., 2010, Persistence Pays: U.S. Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Benefits from Public R&D Spending, p. 231. Even if this overestimation could be corrected, the relative ranking of research categories would not change.