Pie chart with 5 items.

One-third of those participating in WIC in April 2012 had income at or below 50 percent of poverty level

Item 1, 0-50% of poverty level 33.4%.
Item 2, 51-100% of poverty level 33.2%.
Item 3, 101-185% of poverty level 22.9%.
Item 4, More than 185% of poverty level 1.3%.
Item 5, No reported income 9.1%.1

1Participants with no reported income include those with missing information on income, income time period, or size of the economic unit, as well as those who reported zero income. It is not clear whether zero income indicates missing information or adjunctive eligibility.

Source: Prepared by ERS using data from “WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2012,” USDA, Food and Nutrition Service (see Table III.6). Available at:

Data as of May 2014.