Sources of growth in global agricultural output, 1961-2010

Total output growth (average annual percent change)

Stacked Bar chart with 7 groups and 4 items per group.

Group 1, 1961-2010, Total value of 2.24.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 0.99 which is 44.2% of 1961-2010.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 0.75 which is 33.5% of 1961-2010.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.19 which is 8.5% of 1961-2010.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.31 which is 13.8% of 1961-2010.
Group 2, , Total value of 0.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of No data which is .0% of .
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of No data which is .0% of .
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of No data which is .0% of .
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of No data which is .0% of .
Group 3, 1961-70, Total value of 2.74.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 0.23 which is 8.4% of 1961-70.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 1.8 which is 65.7% of 1961-70.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.18 which is 6.6% of 1961-70.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.53 which is 19.3% of 1961-70.
Group 4, 1971-80, Total value of 2.29.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 0.59 which is 25.8% of 1971-80.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 1.16 which is 50.7% of 1971-80.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.24 which is 10.5% of 1971-80.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.3 which is 13.1% of 1971-80.
Group 5, 1981-90, Total value of 2.13.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 0.64 which is 30.0% of 1981-90.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 0.89 which is 41.8% of 1981-90.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.19 which is 8.9% of 1981-90.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.41 which is 19.2% of 1981-90.
Group 6, 1991-2000, Total value of 2.21.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 1.67 which is 75.6% of 1991-2000.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 0.19 which is 8.6% of 1991-2000.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.17 which is 7.7% of 1991-2000.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.18 which is 8.1% of 1991-2000.
Group 7, 2001-10, Total value of 2.47.
Item 1, Improvements in total factor productivity value of 1.77 which is 71.7% of 2001-10.
Item 2, More inputs per acre value of 0.32 which is 13.0% of 2001-10.
Item 3, Expansion of irrigation to cropland value of 0.11 which is 4.5% of 2001-10.
Item 4, Expansion of agricultural land value of 0.27 which is 10.9% of 2001-10.

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service, International Agricultural Productivity data product.