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Michael Livingston

Agricultural Economist


Mike is a Senior Economist in the Structure, Technology and Productivity Branch of the Resource and Rural Economics Division. His current research program seeks to inform public policy discussions on corn-based ethanol production, climate change, and nutrient, pest, and invasive species management.


Agricultural Economist, Economic Research Service, 2003-Present

Economist, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 2001-2003.

Post Doctoral Research Associate, Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, 2000-2001.

Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Texas Tech University, 1999-2000.


PhD Economics, North Carolina State University, 1999.

BS Mathematics, North Carolina State University, 1992.

Professional Affiliations:

Agricultural & Applied Economics Association

Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association

Selected Publications:

Livingston, Michael J., and Ashok K. Mishra, 2013, “Risk Attitudes and Premiums of U.S. Corn and Soybean Producers: An Empirical Investigation,” Empirical Economics 44(3):1337-1351.

Beckman, Jayson, and Michael J. Livingston, 2012, “Effects of Manure Use and Use Restriction on Variable Production Costs and Net Incomes for U.S. Corn Producers,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 44(1):83-97.

Singerman, Ariel, Kathleen Delate, Craig Chase, Catherine Greene, Michael J. Livingston, Sergio Lence, and Chad Hart, 2012, “Profitability of Organic and Conventional Soybean Production under ‘Green Payments’ in Carbon Offset Programs,” Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 27(4):266-277.

Ribaudo, Marc, Jorge Delgado, and Michael Livingston, 2011, “Preliminary Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Offsets in a Cap and Trade Program,” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 40(2):266-281.

Malcom, Scott, Elizabeth Marshall, Paul Heisey, Michael Livingston, 2013, “Adaptation Can Help U.S. Crop Producers Confront Climate Change,” Amber Waves Feature, February.

Ribaudo, Marc, Michael Livingston, and James Williamson, 2012, Nitrogen Management on U.S. Corn Acres, 2001-10, EB-20, November.

Malcom, Scott, Elizabeth Marshall, Marcel Aillery, Paul Heisey, Michael Livingston, and Kelly Day-Rubenstein, 2012, Agricultural Adaptation to a Changing Climate: Economic and Environmental Implications Vary by U.S. Region, Economic Research Report No. (ERR-136) Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, July.

Ribaudo, Marc, Jorge Delgado, LeRoy Hansen, Michael J. Livingston, Roberto Mosheim, and James Williamson, 2011, Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems: Implications for Conservation Policy, Economic Research Report No. ERR-127, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, September.

O’Donoghue, Erik J., Bob Hoppe, David Banker, Robert Ebel, Keith Fuglie, Penni Korb, Michael J. Livingston, Cynthia Nickerson, and Carmen Sandretto, 2011, The Changing Organization of U.S. Farming, Economic Information Bulletin No. EIB-88, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, December.

Slattery, Edward, Michael J. Livingston, Catherine Greene, and Karen Klonsky, 2011, Characteristics of Conventional and Organic Apple Production in the United States, Outlook Report No. FTS-347-01, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, July.

Livingston, M.J. "U.S. Soybean Producer Perceptions and Management of Soybean Rust in the United States under the USDA Pest Information Platform for Extension and Education." Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 39(3)(October 2010):547-560.

Livingston, M.J., K.W. Erickson, and A.K. Mishra. Standard and Bayesian Random Coefficient Model Estimation of U.S. Corn-Soybean Farmer Risk Attitudes, pp. 329-343 in The Economic Impact of Public Support to Agriculture: An International Perspective. E. Ball, R. Fanfani, and L. Gutierrez, eds. New York: Springer, 2010.

Roberts, M., D. Schimmelpfennig, M.J. Livingston, and E. Ashley. "Estimating the Value of an Early-Warning Systems." Review of Agricultural Economics. 31(2)(Summer 2009): 303329.

Livingston, M.J. "Pest Problems Abroad May Affect Compliance With U.S. Safeguards". Amber Waves. 6(3)(June 2008):6.

Hlasny, V., and M.J. Livingston. "Economic Determinants of Invasion and Discovery of Non-Indigenous Insects". Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 40(1)(April 2008):37-52.

Livingston, M.J., C. Osteen, and D. Roberts. Regulating Agricultural Imports to Keep Out Foreign Pest and Disease. Amber Waves. 6(4)(September 2008):16-23.

Livingston, M.J., N.P. Storer, J.W. Van Duyn, and G.G. Kennedy. "Do Refuge Requirements for Biotechnology Crops Promote Economic Efficiency?: Some Evidence for Bt Cotton." Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 39(1)(April 2007):171-185.

Livingston, M.J. "The Mediterranean Fruit Fly and the United States: Is the Probit 9 Level of Quarantine Security Efficient?" Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 55 (December 2007):515-526.

Johansson, R.C., M.J. Livingston, J. Westra, and R. Guidry. "Simulating the U.S. Impacts of Alternative Asian Soybean Rust Treatment Regimes." Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 35(1)(April 2006):116-27.

Osteen, C., and M.J. Livingston. Pest Management Practices. Agricultural Resource and Environmental Indicators, 2006 Edition. Economic Information Bulletin No. 16. Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, pp. 107-116, 21 July 2006.

Roberts, M.J., D. Schimmelpfennig, E. Ashley, and M.J. Livingston. The Value of Plant Disease Early-Warning Systems. Economic Research Report No. 18, Economic Research Service, USDA, April 2006.

Livingston, M.J., G.A. Carlson, and Paul L. Fackler. "Managing Resistance Evolution in Two Pests to Two Toxins with Refugia." American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 86(1) (February 2004):1-13.

Livingston, M.J., R. Johansson, S. Daberkow, M. Roberts, M. Ash, and V. Breneman. Economic and Policy Implications of Wind-Borne Entry of Asian Soybean Rust into the United States. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, OCS04D02, April 2004.

Livingston, M.J., G.A. Carlson, and Paul L. Fackler. "Use of Mathematical Models to Estimate Characteristics of Pyrethroid Resistance in Tobacco Budworm and Bollworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Field Populations." Journal of Economic Entomology. 95(5)(2002):1008-1017.

Fackler, P.L., and M.J. Livingston. "Optimal Storage by Crop Producers." American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 84(3)(August 2002):645-659.


Last updated: Tuesday, October 07, 2014

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