Kelly Day Rubenstein is an economist with the Resource and Rural
Economics Division. Her research focuses on agricultural science
policy (particularly economic aspects of agricultural research and
development) and the role of genetic resources in the agricultural
- Economic Aspects of Genetic Resources: Genetic resources are
critical inputs into the agricultural R&D process. Major
components of this project include the role of genetic resources in
agricultural production, including adaptation to climate change,
genetic diversity, valuation of genetic resources, and
international germplasm exchange.
- Agricultural Research and Development: Public sector research
is a powerful tool to promote various missions of USDA, thus the
level and direction of public R&D has important implications
for agriculture. We empirically evaluate research funding, both
public and private. Issues being examined include the trends in
research direction, the use of various institutional arrangements,
and key factors affecting R&D, such as intellectual property
Kelly received an M.S. in agricultural and applied economics
in 1990 from the University of Minnesota and a B.A. in economics
from the University of St Thomas in St. Paul.
Fuglie, K. O., P. Heisey, J. King, Carl. K. Day-Rubenstein, D.
Schimmelpfennig, S. L. Wang and R. Karmarkar-Deshmukh, Research Investments and Market Structure in
the Food Processing, Agriculture Input and Biofuel Industries
Worldwide, ERR-130, December 2011.
Heisey, P., J. King and K. Day-Rubenstein. "Public Research Yields Clear Benefits, but Science
Benefits Are Measured in More Than Dollars," AW
feature, June 2011.
Heisey, P., J. King, K. Day-Rubenstein, D. Bucks, and R. Welsh.
Assessing the Benefits of ARS R&D Within an
Economic Framework, ERR-95, May 2010.
Frisvold, G., and K. Day Rubenstein. "Bioprospecting and Biodiversity Conservation: What
Happens When Discoveries are Made?" Arizona Law
Review, Vol. 50, No. 2 (2008).
Day-Rubenstein, K., P. Heisey, and D. Schimmelpfennig, "Sources of Public Agricultural R&D
Changing," Amber Waves," Vol. 5, Issue 3, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, June 2007.
Day-Rubenstein, K., P. Heisey, and J. King. "Public Sector Technology Transfer through Patents
and Licensing: The Case of U.S. Agriculture," International
Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, Vol. 5,
No. 4 (2006/2007). Payment required for access beyond the
Day Rubenstein, K., M. Smale and M.P. Widrlechner. "Demand for Genetic Resources and the U.S. National
Plant Germplasm System," Crop Science, Vol. 46 No. 3,
Heisey, P., J. King, K. Day-Rubenstein, and R. Shoemaker. "Government Patenting and Technology Transfer,"
ERR-15, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Report
Day Rubenstein, K., and P. Heisey. "Crop Genetic Diversity Boosts Production But Faces
Threats," Amber Waves, Vol. 3, No. 4, U.S. Department
of Agriculture, September 2005.
Day Rubenstein, K., P. Heisey, R. Shoemaker, J. Sullivan, and G.
Frisvold. Crop Genetic Resources: An Economic Appraisal.
Economic Information Bulletin No. 2, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, May 2005.
Day Rubenstein, K., and P.W. Heisey. "Can technology transfer help public-sector
researchers do more with less? The case of the USDA's Agricultural
Research Service," AgBioForum, Vol. 8, No. 213
Heisey, P.W., J.L. King, and K. Day Rubenstein. "Patterns of public-sector and private-sector
patenting in agricultural biotechnology," AgBioForum,
Vol. 8, No. 213 (2005).
Day Rubenstein, K. "Transferring Public Research: The Patent Licensing
Mechanism in Agriculture," Journal of Technology
Transfer, Vol. 28, No. 2 (2003). Payment required for access
beyond the abstract.
Day-Rubenstein, K., P. Heisey, C. Klotz-Ingram and G. Frisvold.
"Competitive Grants and the Funding of Agricultural
Research in the U.S," Review of Agricultural
Economics, Vol. 25, No. 2, (2003).
Smale, M., and K. Day-Rubenstein. "The Demand for Crop Genetic Resources:
International Use of the U. S. National Plant Germplasm
System," World Development, Vol. 30, No. 9 (2002).