Carol Adaire Jones is a senior economist with the Conservation and Environment Branch of the Resource and Rural Economics Division, (RRED) focusing on economics and policy issues associated with climate change mitigation and impacts and the interactions between the agriculture and energy sectors. In addition, she is currently co-leading a scoping project on the future of agriculture (how to feed a growing global population, in the face of climate change and other productivity challenges), to identify targets of opportunity for ERS research.
During 2005-2008, Carol served as Chief of the Farm and Rural Household Well-Being Branch. In that capacity she focused on survey design and data analysis to measure farm household well-being, as well as research to understand the implications of farm household decisions for farm business performance, household well-being and environmental outcomes. One research theme was exploring the sources of the differential in well-being between farm and other rural households, particularly in income, wealth and health.
For the prior 5 years, Carol served as the Associate Director for Research in RRED, where she led the strategic planning and implementation of biennial plans for division priority research; topics covered include: interactions among natural resources, environmental quality and agricultural production; economics of agricultural R&D, technology adoption, and productivity; and the economics of farm business performance and farm household well-being. Division research during her tenure influenced the design of U.S. farm, agri-conservation, water quality, R&D and technology, and climate change policies.
She also served on the faculty of the international business school INCAE in Costa Rica during 1998-1999, and of the University of Michigan (Economics Department and the School of Natural Resources) during 1984-1990, and as a Gilbert White Fellow at Resources for the Future (1988-1989). Throughout much of the 1990s, Carol served as Chief of the Resource Valuation Branch, Damage Assessment Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). At NOAA, she was the architect of NOAA restoration-based regulatory framework for valuing ecosystem services in natural resource damage claims for oil spills, widely adopted by federal and state programs; in this capacity, she coordinated the "Blue Ribbon Panel on the Use of Contingent Valuation in Natural Resource Damages." She also directed development and negotiation of the resource valuation component in 36 natural resource damage cases conducted by NOAA in its capacity as a trustee for coastal and marine resources, with recoveries of over $190 million.
Carol received her Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University, her M.Sc. from the London School of Economics, and her B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania. She also held a post-doctoral fellowship at the Harvard School of Public Health.
Carol is a member of the American Economics Association, the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE)and the International Association for Research on Income and Wealth. She has served on the AERE Board of Directors twice, from 1990-93 and from 2000-03.
Recent Bulletins and Reports
Climate change, bioenergy and agri-conservation policy and sustainability
Beckman, J., A. Borchers, and C.A. Jones. 2013. Agriculture’s Supply and Demand for Energy and Energy Products, EIB-112, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., May.
Marshall, E., M. Caswell, S. Malcolm, M. Motamed. J. Hrubovcak, C. A. Jones, C. Nickerson, Measuring the Indirect Land-Use Change Associated With Increased Biofuel Feedstock Production: A Review of Modeling Efforts. 2011. Report to U.S. Congress. U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., February 10.
Lewandrowski, J., M. Peters, C. A. Jones, R. House, M. Eve, K. Paustian, and M. Sperow. 2004. The Economics of Sequestering Carbon in the U.S. Agricultural Sector. Technical Bulletin TB-1909, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., April.
Ribaudo, M., R. Johansson, and C. A. Jones. 2006. "Environmental Credit Trading: Can Farming Benefit?" Amber Waves, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., February.
[Reprinted in Amber Waves special issue, Agriculture and the Environment, July 2006, and in Amber Waves special issue, Perspectives on Food and Farm Policy, May 2007.] http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/May07SpecialIssue/Features/Environmental.htm
Lewandrowski, J. and C.A. Jones. 2004. " Is Carbon Sequestration Economically Feasible," Amber Waves, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., April. (Reprinted in Amber Waves special issue, Agriculture and the Environment, July 2006.)
Farm and rural household well-being
Food Environment Atlas (with various authors). 2010. ERS, USDA. http://www.ers.usda.gov/FoodAtlas/
Jones, C. A. 2010. "Rural Populations have Higher Rates of Chronic Disease and Disability", Amber Waves, Volume 8, Issue 2, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., May.
Jones, C. A., Milkove, D., Paszkiewicz, L. 2010. Farm Household Well-Being: Comparing Consumption- and Income-based Measures, ERR91, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., February. (Plus associated March 2010 Amber Waves Data Feature).
Jones, Carol Adaire, Timothy S. Parker, Mary Ahearn, Ashok K. Mishra, and Jayachandran N. Variyam. 2009. Health Status and Health Care Access of Farm and Rural Populations, EIB-57, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv. August, 64 pp.
Jones, Carol Adaire, Timothy S. Parker, and Mary Ahearn. 2009. "Taking the Pulse of Rural Health Care". Amber Waves feature article and podcast, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., September.
Jones, C.A., W. Kandel, and T. Parker. 2007. Population Dynamics are Changing the Profile of Rural Areas, Amber Waves, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., April.
Jones, C. A. and A. K. Mishra. 2007. Income an Incomplete Measure of Farm Household Well-Being. Amber Waves finding, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., June.
Agricultural Income and Finance Situation and Outlook Report, 2006. AIS-84, with Theodore Covey, Robert Green, and others, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv.,, November.
Jones, C.A., H.El-Osta, and R. Green. 2006. “Economic Well-Being of Farm Households”, Economic Brief 7, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., March.
Agricultural Income and Finance Situation and Outlook Report. 2005. AIS-83, with Theodore Covey, Robert Green, and others, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res. Serv., November.
Selected Articles in Journals and Book Chapters
Climate change, bioenergy and agri-conservation policy and sustainability
Jones, C. A., C. J. Nickerson, and P. W. Heisey. "New Uses of Old Tools? Greenhouse Gas Mitigation with Agriculture Sector Policies," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, vol. 35, no. 3 (September 2013): 398-434. doi: 10.1093/aepp/ppt020
Jones, C. A., and R. D. Sands. "Impact of Agricultural Productivity Gains on Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Global Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 95, no. 5 (October 2013): 1309-1316. doi: 10.1093/ajae/aat035
Sands, R.D., H. Forster, C.A. Jones, and K. Schumacher. 2013. Bio-electricity and Land Use in the Future Agricultural Resources Model (FARM). Climatic Change (October) doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0943-9
Jones, C. A., C. J. Nickerson, and N. Cavallaro. 2013.U.S. Agricultural Policies and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in the Agriculture Sector, in Land Use and the Carbon Cycle: Science and Applications in Coupled Natural-human Systems, D. G. Brown, N. H. F. French, B. C. Reed, and D. T. Robinson (eds.), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge MA.
Beckman, J., C. A. Jones, and R.D. Sands. 2011. A Global General Equilibrium Analysis of Biofuel Mandates and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 93 (2): 334-341; doi: 10.1093/ajae/aaq086
Boscolo, M., C. A. Jones, R. Faris, T. Panayotou, and L. Pratt. 2000. The Emerging Carbon Market and the Role of Central America, in Environment for Growth: Environmental Management for Sustainability and Competitiveness in Central America, T. Panayotou (ed.), Harvard University Press.
Jones, C. A., L. Pratt, C. Inman, N. Mesa, and J. Rivera. 2000. Strategic Issues in the Design of a Green Certification Program for Tourism, in Environment for Growth: Environmental Management for Sustainability and Competitiveness in Central America, T. Panayotou, (ed.), Harvard University Press,.
Farm and rural household well-being
Cosby, A.G., T. T. Neaves, R. E. Cossman, J. S. Cossman, W. L. James, N. Feierabend, D. M. Mirvis, C. A. Jones, and T. Farrigan. 2008. Preliminary Evidence for an Emerging Nonmetropolitan Mortality Penalty in the United States, American Journal of Public Health, 98(8):1470-1472.
Jones, C.A., N.M. Gordon, and I.V. Sawhill. 1976. Child Support Payment Performance. Urban Institute Monograph 992-03, Washington, D.C.
Natural resource valuation and environmental markets
Jones, C. A. 2000. Economic Valuation of Resource Injuries in Natural Resource Liability Suits, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Nov./Dec. , Vol. 126 (6): 358-365.
Jones, C. A. 2000. Restoration-based Approaches for Compensation for Natural Resource Damages: Moving toward Convergence in U.S. and International Law,in Austin, Jay and Carl Bruch (ed.), The Environmental Consequences of War: Legal, Economic and Scientific Perspectives, Cambridge University Press. (Invited paper for First International Conference on Addressing the Environmental Consequences of War: Legal, Economic, and Scientific Perspectives, sponsored by Environmental Law Institute, Smithsonian Institution, and Kuwait Institute for Science, June 10-12, 1998.)
Jones, C.A. and F. Lupi, 1999. The Effect of Modeling Substitute Activities on Recreational Benefit Estimates, Marine Resource Economics, Volume 14, 357-374.
Jones, C. A. 1999. Compensation for Natural Resource Damages from Oil Spills: A Comparison of USA Law and International Conventions, in “National and International Perspectives on the Legal Regulations of the Natural Environment,” a Special Issue of International Journal of Environment and Pollution, Volume 11(1): 86-107.
Jones, C. A. and K. A. Pease. 1997. Restoration-based Measures of Compensation in Natural Resource Liability Statutes, Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. XV, No. 4, 111-122. [Reprinted in Willis, K.G., K. J. Button, and P. Nijkamp, (eds.), Environmental Analysis and Economic Policy, Edward Elgar Publishers, 1999 and (in Portuguese) in Revista Direito Meio Ambiente(São Paulo, Brazil), 1999.]
Jones, C. A. 1997. Use of Non-market Valuation Methods in the Courtroom: Recent Affirmative Precedents in Natural Resource Damage Assessments, Water Resources Update. Issue Number 109, Autumn.
Jones, C.A., T. Tomasi and S. Fluke. 1996. Public and Private Claims in Natural Resource Damage Assessments, Harvard Environmental Law Review, Vol. 20 (1):111-163.
Jones, C.A. and Y. Sung. 1993. Valuation of Environmental Quality at Michigan Recreational Fishing Sites: Methodological Issues and Policy Applications. Final Report to Michigan Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Contract No. CR-816247-01-2.
Jones, C.A. and T. Tomasi. 1989. An Economic Model to Assess Fish-Kill Damages, Resources, No. 97, 14-17, Fall. Valuation of Michigan Recreational Fishing Activity, with an Application to Assessing Damages to the Lake Michigan Trout, Salmon, and Steelhead Fisheries from the Ludington Pumped-Storage Plant. Final Report to Michigan Department of Natural Resources, 1989.
Design of regulatory policy and enforcement
Gray, W. and C. A. Jones. 1991. Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of OSHA Health and Safety Inspections, Journal of Human Resources, Volume 26, No. 4, 623-653, Fall.
Gray, W. and C. A. Jones. 1991. Are OSHA Health Inspections Effective? A Longitudinal Study in the Manufacturing Sector, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. LXXIII, No. 3, 504-508, August.
Jones, C. A. and S. Scotchmer. 1989. Social Cost of Uniform Regulatory Standards in a Hierarchical Government, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 19, 61-72.
Jones, C. A. 1988. Standard-setting with Incomplete Enforcement Revisited, Journal of Public Policy and Management, Vol. 8 (1): 72-87. Reprinted in The Economics of Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement (International Library of Environmental Economics and Policy), Clifford S. Russell, Ashgate Publishing Company, April 1, 2003.
Boden, L. I. and C. A. Jones. 1987. Occupational Disease Remedies: The Asbestos Experience, in Elizabeth E. Bailey, ed., Public Regulation: New Perspectives on Institutions and Policy, MIT Press.